The US currency is the US Dollar (USD). ATMs are plentiful throughout most of the country. Credit card payments are commonplace throughout the territory.
There is absolutely everything in the United States but the most widespread types of accommodation across the country are the motel and the business hotel. You'll find them everywhere – especially along roadsides and highways – some identified by very high neon signs, visible from a long distance. They can cost from €20 to €150 per night depending on the place, the season and if there is an important event nearby.
Os business hotels are in full expansion across all states. They have intermediate prices between motels and conventional hotels. They are also very common along the highways.
Hotels are more common in central areas of cities than motels and business hotels. They are more expensive but also offer more comfort and more services. More affordable accommodation, usually for young people, also emerges in the US as hostels and youth-hostels, many of them affiliated with organizations such as the American Youth Hostel. Stay in these hostels costs between €10 to €50 per night in a double room, depending on the city and time of year.
Outside the cities and especially in coastal and rural areas, numerous B&Bs (Bed & Breakfasts) appear in country houses adapted for hotel functions. They can cost from €50 to €500 per night, as the name implies, with breakfast included in the price.
These and other areas will likely be equipped with several campsites that welcome customers in tents or, often, in their own RV's. They cost between €5 to €25 per car.
In the capitalist homeland of fast and junk food the restaurants solid they are practically everywhere and give access to very affordable meals – €3,50 to €6 a full Big Mac-style menu depending on the place – but with the nutritional defects that are usually pointed out to them.
Apart from this type of food and similar, in certain cities but not only, it is possible to find restaurants with cuisines from almost all over the world, either serving meals at the table or buffets it's from takeout.
One level above the restaurants fast food, are the fast casual where the food is of substantially better quality, freshly prepared at prices ranging from €5 to €9.
Like many of the previous restaurants, the dinners appear on the side of roads but also in big cities. They are also open 24 hours a day and are priced higher than those of fast food e fast casual, with full meals easily reaching €10 to €20.
In US restaurants that are more sophisticated than those before, it is likely that you can find more refined meals, including high quality fresh fish and meat, elaborate salads, wine lists from around the world, etc. etc. Expect to pay €20 to €50 per meal in the most affordable. In the really exclusive and upgrade, 50€ may not even pay the entrance fees.
As is well known, few countries are more technological. You will almost certainly find free internet in all types of accommodation, in countless cafes, public libraries and even in entire areas of the main cities. It is also possible to buy sticks USB (pens) from various brands to have internet with you where to take your laptop.
Longer and more complex contracts with major operators can still prove complicated due to the requirement for a US social security number.
VISA AND OTHER PROCEDURES
Portuguese citizens are exempt from applying for a visa to enter the US, for tourist purposes and up to 90 days. They must, however, complete, well in advance, a request for Electronic ESTA Travel Authorization. Brazilian citizens must apply for a visa to visit the US More information at US Passports & International Travel – Brazil
No permanent health risks worthy of note.
For more information on traveling health, see the Health Portal of the Ministry of Health and Tropical and Traveler Medicine Clinic. In FitForTravel find country-specific health and disease prevention advice (in English).
TRIP TO THE USA
A TAP (tel: 707 205 700) flies directly from Lisbon to New York/Newark and Miami. Other partners of Star Alliance including the United fly from Lisbon and other European destinations to several other cities in the USA for from €500 round trip.
There are dozens of airlines operating throughout the United States. The main ones are:
United, US Airways, Delta Airlines, Southwest Airlines, Spirit Airlines (East coast and Florida), Republic airways, Jet Blue (non-stop connections between West and East coast cities) Frontier Airlines, American Airlines, Air Trans.
Prices depend on distance and time of year. In the main domain of capitalism, competition, the huge flow of flights and passengers means that domestic flights in the United States are very competitively priced.
the national company AmTrak manages a rail network very comprehensive that with the complement of Amtrak ThruWay buses, it establishes strategic connections to urban centers, national parks and other strategic points in the country. At the prices of flights in the United States, travel by train will rarely be the quickest and cheapest solution, but there are other possible advantages, such as the possibility of enjoying the scenery and socializing on board.
They will rarely be considered a more economical and practical option compared to flights, but, like the train, they allow you to contemplate the scenarios and encourage conviviality. THE Greyhound is the company with the most itineraries in the US
If you want to leave the biggest cities and explore the surrounding states, renting a car is almost mandatory. The United States has an inexhaustible, highly competitive and technological supply of rental vehicles. Look for the best prices on the internet before you travel to avoid paying service fees and other costs at airport counters. As a general rule, the daily price for small cars ranges from €25 to €40, depending on the time of year. Weekly or longer rentals can run from €140 to €240, usually with unlimited mileage.
Other vehicles widely used in the US are RVs, large caravans that benefit from infrastructure spread across the country to accommodate them. As is logical, RV's are priced much higher than small utility vehicles and consume fuel in almost industrial doses.
Fuel is significantly cheaper in the United States than in most of Europe and tolls on the country's roads are rare. Most companies require the driver to be over 25 years old, have a valid driver's license and a valid credit card with a value available as a deposit. Some companies rent to drivers between the ages of 21 and 24 for an extra fee.
In a country the size of the United States, it is always a good time to visit somewhere, especially if we take into account that Alaska, Hawaii and American Samoa, among other territories, are part of the country.
With regard to the continental USA, the seasons are equivalent to those in Europe, but far from being simultaneous to all the states of the country, with substantial differences caused by latitude, altitude and orography, exposure to the oceans, among other factors. In Florida, for example, it's rarely serious winter. In certain sections of the Rocky Mountains, winter almost doesn't come until June.
Anyway, unless the reason for your trip is the snow sports, in general, a time of year to visit most of the country is summer, mid-May in mid-September but bear in mind that the areas closest to the deserts at that time have very high temperatures, easily ranging from 35ºC to 45ºC for most of the day.
A certain variable period of autumn brings landscapes with yellow foliage of great beauty to various forested areas.