Stavanger, Norway

The Motor City of Norway

The Porto Fund
Colorful historic houses of Vagen, the port of Stavanger.
Host of the Viking Museum, in historic Viking costume.
Kielland Shadow
Silhouette of the statue of Alexander L. Kielland one of the most renowned Norwegian writers.
Friends in Geoparken
Friends pass by a decorative Geoparken container.
The Old Control Tower
The Valbergtarnet observation tower, formerly used to control maritime traffic entering and leaving the port.
Ascent to Gamle Stavanger-Norway
Passersby ascend from Vagen towards Gamle Stavanger, Old Stavanger.
Museum of Petroleum
Corner of the Petroleum Museum.
Sverd i Fjell I
View of Sverd i Fjell, a monument commemorating King Harald I's victory at the Battle of Hafrsfjord and enabling him to unite all of Norway under his power.
Museum of Petroleum II
Section of the hyper-technological Stavanger Petroleum Museum.
shallow and cold bath
Friends bathe in the shallow, frigid sea of ​​Mollebukta, off Stavanger.
Sverd i Fjell II
Boyfriends are photographed at the memorial to the Battle of Hafrsfjord.
The abundance of offshore oil and natural gas and the headquarters of the companies in charge of exploiting them have promoted Stavanger from the Norwegian energy capital preserve. Even so, this city didn't conform. With a prolific historical legacy, at the gates of a majestic fjord, cosmopolitan Stavanger has long propelled the Land of the Midnight Sun.

The midnight sun is one. Mid-afternoon is another.

Norwegians and foreigners installed on the far side of Vagen port, on the esplanades of the Skagenkaien seafront, absorb the difference in the faces and arms. They convert it into vitamin D and the ever-precious serotonin, as long as the weather permits.

There are few ports that we remember with such an intimate relationship with the cities to which they belong. Vagen's hugs Stavanger so tightly he almost smacks her. The V with which it tightens reveals itself so deep that it almost joins Breiavatnet, the heart-shaped urban lake a few meters to the south.

Vagen, Stavanger, Norway

Historic and colorful houses of Vagen, the port of Stavanger.

As we unveiled them today, these estuary funds appear to be more recreational than commercial. Appearances deceive.

A Legacy of the Profitable Conservation Industry

During the 2002th and XNUMXth centuries, the secular wooden buildings and roofs in A served as warehouses and other structures to support fishing and trade in goods and, from the mid-XNUMXth century onwards, over fifty fish canning companies that disputed the city, until, in XNUMX, the last one was closed.

Even without the vastness of the Vagen de Bergen, the emergence of Stavanger as an unavoidable city of business and leisure, at a certain point, inhabited and frequented by wealthy people, facilitated the conversion of this row of houses, in a colorful succession – much brighter than the buildings from Bergen – from restaurants and bars.

Only the asphalt of the Skagenkaien separated the elegant buildings from the inlet and from the launches and other vessels moored right there. Some of the customers, owners or passengers of the boats, had the luxury of crossing the lane, to and fro, in a convenient and pleasant alternation between socializing with family and friends and one or another to do on board.

On certain nautical ephemeris, docks and moorings become overcrowded. The most exemplary event to date has been the Tall Ships Races of 2018 but, truth be told, it doesn't take that much.

Ramp at S-Stavanger-Norway

Passersby ascend from Vagen towards Gamle Stavanger, Old Stavanger.

Valbergtarnet and Gamle Stavanger: the City of Other Times

To the east of the Skagenkaien, Stavanger climbs the “highlands” of the Valbergtarnet, an observation tower erected between 1850 and 1853 and permanently inhabited by lookouts charged with alerting the inhabitants in case of fire. These days, the tower houses a museum.

Above all, it serves as a viewpoint over the surrounding urban scene. A few meters to the east, we enter Gamle Stavanger, the oldest district in the city and, according to its tourist authorities, the largest (173) group of historic wooden houses in Europe.

Valbergtarnet Tower, Stavanger, Norway

The Valbergtarnet observation tower, formerly used to control maritime traffic entering and leaving the port.

From 1800, with the emergence of the canning industry, hundreds of fishermen and other workers from the surroundings flocked to Stavanger. Some literally arrived with their houses on their backs. Made mostly of wood, the homes were easy to dismantle and transport on multiple trips in rowboats.

Before the dawn of oil exploration, Stavanger was the Capital of Canned Sardines, to be more scientific about Sprats (sprattus sprattus) canned, a species of the herring family then considered one of the tastiest and whose fishing and canning, in pepper sauce or jalapeno, from tomatoes and in olive oil, came to guarantee the livelihood of about half of the city's population.

Gamle's restoration turned out to be reliable except for the color. At the origin, these houses were almost all painted red or yellow, not by a fashion statement of the time or social affirmation. White paint was by far the most expensive.

Even employed, humble families could not afford to buy the Norwegian color of sumptuousness.

Gamle Stavanger's Salvation on the Tangent

In the aftermath of World War II, Gamle's homes had fallen into disrepair. They formed a devalued and ill-regarded zone. An overly radical plan stipulated that they should be razed to the ground, replaced by modern concrete structures.

This plan was only aborted due to the determined opposition of Einar Hedén, the city's architect, who managed to convince the Stavanger Council to save and enhance its historic core.

In recent years, Stavanger has given in to other cans. As we walk through its streets and alleys, we come across murals painted by graffiti artists with a mind full of surreal images and full of talent to illustrate them.

Geoparken, Stavanger, Norway

Friends pass by a decorative Geoparken container.

In one of them, the Ovre Holmegate, the murals are replaced by mere color. For some time now, this street, somewhat removed from the Skagenkaien promenade and too similar to the others, received few visitors for the ambitions of business owners.

Dissatisfied, they agreed to paint each of the buildings in distinct, showy colors. The idea made the street one of the most frequented, the most fashionable place for cafes and bars (in addition to an antique shop) in Stavanger.

An Incredible Deposit of Information and History about Black Gold

We walked along it on our way to the city's east coast, looking for the museum dedicated to Stavanger's much more recent and prosperous era, that of Oil and Natural Gas.

Museum of Petroleum, Stavanger, Norway

Staircase of the Petroleum Museum.

Nearby, we are distracted by the pranks of children and teenagers who share the Geoparken, an amusement park made of a container also with graffiti and an irregular surface suitable for bicycle and skateboard stunts.

Ahead, a futuristic complex of buildings inspired by storage tanks and oil extraction towers just might be what we were looking for. We entered. We circle.

Most of the time intrigued, among the panoply of illustrations, models and models, some explaining the different types of crude, others, the evolution of platforms that allow it to extract prominently into the North Sea offshore.

Museum of Petroleum, Stavanger, Norway

Section of the hyper-technological Stavanger Petroleum Museum.

The Fossil Wealth the North Sea Gives Norway

It was in this icy and wild sea that, 1969, the US company Phillips Petroleum Company (later part of ConocoPhillips) discovered the Ekofisk, the first of several oil and gas fields that would make Norway a major producer and exporter. of both raw materials.

And in one of the richest countries in the world, if the Gross Domestic Product is taken into account per capita.  Stavanger benefited from this discovery like no other Norwegian city.

In 1972, the Norwegian government passed a law in the Stortinget parliament that established the creation of a state-owned company that would enable Norway's direct participation in North Sea oil exploration. Thus was founded StatOil, later renamed Equinor.

Stavanger was selected to host Equinor's headquarters. By symbiosis, several other companies, agencies and institutions linked to oil prospecting settled there. At the center of a multimillion-dollar industrial branch, Stavanger's economy was quick to assume its current dynamism and power.

As mentioned in the entry of this article, in the light of what happened in the oil countries of the Middle East for decades on end, the city could have been satisfied with the great luck that it has been awarded. Instead, it opted to explore another Norwegian lode, tourism. In Stavanger, it is not only at the Petroleum Museum that the two intersect.

Alexander L. Kielland: The Famed Writer, Edil and the Voraz of Stavanger

In another late afternoon, we leave the vertex of Vagen pointing to the park-garden Byparquen that surrounds the lake of Breavatnet. Along the way, demonic seagulls share the roof of two snack trailers and fly over them, keeping an eye out for any offer or distraction from customers.

Alexander L. Kielland Statue, Stavanger, Norway

Silhouette of the statue of Alexander L. Kielland one of the most renowned Norwegian writers.

We identified the sunny Stavanger Cathedral and, in front, already completely in the shade, the statue of Alexander L. Kielland, former mayor of Stavanger, considered one of the four great Norwegian writers, an inveterate realist.

So faithful to realism that many readers believe that he stopped writing (too soon) because he became disillusioned with the neo-romantic path that Norwegian literature was taking at the end of the XNUMXth century. This, years before he died of obesity aggravated by an intractable passion for food.

Since 1880, Kielland had suffered from shortness of breath and serious heart problems. Finally, in 1906, the various ailments he suffered from ended up victimizing him. The dramas surrounding Alexander L. Kielland were far from ending up with his death.

In recognition of the work that the writer left to the city, Norway and the world, the Stavanger Drilling Company decided to name a semi-submersible drilling rig in his honor.

The Horrific Drama of the Kielland Platform

In the early rainy and foggy night of March 27, 1980, the platform was hit by winds in the order of 74km/h and waves of up to 12 meters. Around 18:30 pm, the workers on board felt a snap, followed by a tremor.

Moments later, the platform tilted about 30º. Of the six cables that stabilized it, only one resisted. The slope increased. Just three minutes after the shake, the last cable gave way and the platform heeled. One hundred and thirty workers were at the mess and at the cinema. The rest, in their rooms and work stations.

Of the 212 people on board, 123 perished. These numbers made the incident the deadliest disaster in Norwegian seas since World War II.

An oil and human catastrophe which, we dare to say, having taken place in the corresponding era, could have inspired in Kielland – in addition to being a writer, a wealthy boss but a defender of the working class – a whole complex and profound approach to Norwegian society.

The next day, the short trip we take from the coastal center of Stavanger to the seafront in the Hafrsjord district will give us some delicious notes.

Sverd i Fjell: A Homage to the Norwegian Union

It's a holiday. The weather had returned to frigidity, something windy more to be expected in those parts. Insufficient cold to deter some teenagers from bathing in the almost shallow sea of ​​Mollebukta that forced them to walk more than a hundred meters until the water passed their knees.

A group of friends decide to walk further and climb to a playful platform that allowed them to have fun diving. Two sisters as white as possible decided to extend their program to the family's Dalmatian. Despite countless pulls and pulls on the leash, the dog was even forced into a long and tortuous baptism.

Girlfriends bathe, Mollebukta, Stavanger, Norway

Friends bathe in the shallow, frigid sea of ​​Mollebukta, off Stavanger.

On land, on a lawn dotted with trees, several families and friends picnicked and socialized. Those who, like us, arrived there for the first time, arrived with other purposes.

Hafrsfjord was the scene of a battle of the same name which, in the year 872, allowed the victorious King Harald I to unite all of Norway under his power.

To commemorate the battle, in 1983, the sculptor Fritz Roed drove three ten-metre long bronze swords into a rocky headland. The highest (because placed higher) represents Haroldo. The other two, below, the defeated kings.

Photography in Sverd i Fjell, Stavanger, Norway

Boyfriends are photographed at the memorial to the Battle of Hafrsfjord.

The monument preserves strong symbolism for the Norwegians and the perspective that everyone yearns for lasting peace, in such a way that the swords were driven into the rock so that this peace would not be disturbed.

About the sunset, Sverd i Fjell, that's how the work is called, it shows itself, strongly photogenic, gilded by the sunset, reflected and somewhat distorted in the water below.

In a sometimes hopeless shift mode, we share it with lovers, groups of friends, visitors and lonely walkers.

We photographed the moments and movements that, among all those fortuitous models, most captivated us. When the pitch sets and chills us for good, we take refuge in the pacified, welcoming and sophisticated core of Stavanger.

Magma Geopark, Norway

A Somehow Lunar Norway

If we went back to the geological ends of time, we would find southwestern Norway filled with huge mountains and a burning magma that successive glaciers would shape. Scientists have found that the mineral that predominates there is more common on the Moon than on Earth. Several of the scenarios we explore in the region's vast Magma Geopark seem to be taken from our great natural satellite.
Nesbyen to Flam, Norway

Flam Railway: Sublime Norway from the First to the Last Station

By road and aboard the Flam Railway, on one of the steepest railway routes in the world, we reach Flam and the entrance to the Sognefjord, the largest, deepest and most revered of the Scandinavian fjords. From the starting point to the last station, this monumental Norway that we have unveiled is confirmed.
Flam a Balestrand, Norway

Where the Mountains Give In to the Fjords

The final station of the Flam Railway marks the end of the dizzying railway descent from the highlands of Hallingskarvet to the plains of Flam. In this town too small for its fame, we leave the train and sail down the Aurland fjord towards the prodigious Balestrand.
Oslo, Norway

A Overcapitalized Capital

One of Norway's problems has been deciding how to invest the billions of euros from its record-breaking sovereign wealth fund. But even immoderate resources don't save Oslo from its social inconsistencies.
Valdez, Alaska

On the Black Gold Route

In 1989, the Exxon Valdez oil tanker caused a massive environmental disaster. The vessel stopped plying the seas, but the victim city that gave it its name continues on the path of crude oil from the Arctic Ocean.
Bergen, Norway

The Great Hanseatic Port of Norway

Already populated in the early 1830th century, Bergen became the capital, monopolized northern Norwegian commerce and, until XNUMX, remained one of the largest cities in Scandinavia. Today, Oslo leads the nation. Bergen continues to stand out for its architectural, urban and historical exuberance.
Balestrand, Norway

Balestrand: A Life Among the Fjords

Villages on the slopes of the gorges of Norway are common. Balestrand is at the entrance to three. Its settings stand out in such a way that they have attracted famous painters and continue to seduce intrigued travelers.
Preikestolen - Pulpit Rock, Norway

Pilgrimage to the Pulpit of Rock of Norway

The Norway of the endless fjords abounds in grand scenery. In the heart of Lyse Fjord, the prominent, smooth and almost square top of a cliff over 600 meters forms an unexpected rocky pulpit. Climbing to its heights, peering over the precipices and enjoying the surrounding panoramas is a lot of revelation.
Lion, Elephants, PN Hwange, Zimbabwe
PN Hwange, Zimbabwe

The Legacy of the Late Cecil Lion

On July 1, 2015, Walter Palmer, a dentist and trophy hunter from Minnesota killed Cecil, Zimbabwe's most famous lion. The slaughter generated a viral wave of outrage. As we saw in PN Hwange, nearly two years later, Cecil's descendants thrive.
Thorong Pedi to High Camp, Annapurna Circuit, Nepal, Lone Walker
Annapurna (circuit)
Annapurna Circuit: 12th - Thorong Phedi a High camp

The Prelude to the Supreme Crossing

This section of the Annapurna Circuit is only 1km away, but in less than two hours it takes you from 4450m to 4850m and to the entrance to the great canyon. Sleeping in High Camp is a test of resistance to Mountain Evil that not everyone passes.
holy plain, Bagan, Myanmar
Architecture & Design
Bagan, Myanmar

The Plain of Pagodas, Temples and other Heavenly Redemptions

Burmese religiosity has always been based on a commitment to redemption. In Bagan, wealthy and fearful believers continue to erect pagodas in hopes of winning the benevolence of the gods.
Boats on ice, Hailuoto Island, Finland.
Hailuoto, Finland

A Refuge in the Gulf of Bothnia

During winter, the island of Hailuoto is connected to the rest of Finland by the country's longest ice road. Most of its 986 inhabitants esteem, above all, the distance that the island grants them.
Miyajima Island, Shinto and Buddhism, Japan, Gateway to a Holy Island
Ceremonies and Festivities
Miyajima, Japan

Shintoism and Buddhism with the Tide

Visitors to the Tori of Itsukushima admire one of the three most revered scenery in Japan. On the island of Miyajima, Japanese religiosity blends with Nature and is renewed with the flow of the Seto Inland Sea.
Athens, Greece, Changing of the Guard at Syntagma Square
Athens, Greece

The City That Perpetuates the Metropolis

After three and a half millennia, Athens resists and prospers. From a belligerent city-state, it became the capital of the vast Hellenic nation. Modernized and sophisticated, it preserves, in a rocky core, the legacy of its glorious Classical Era.
Tsukiji fish market, Tokyo, Japan
Tokyo, Japan

The Fish Market That Lost its Freshness

In a year, each Japanese eats more than their weight in fish and shellfish. Since 1935, a considerable part was processed and sold in the largest fish market in the world. Tsukiji was terminated in October 2018, and replaced by Toyosu's.

the last address

From the grandiose tombs of Novodevichy, in Moscow, to the boxed Mayan bones of Pomuch, in the Mexican province of Campeche, each people flaunts its own way of life. Even in death.
combat arbiter, cockfighting, philippines

When Only Cock Fights Wake Up the Philippines

Banned in much of the First World, cockfighting thrives in the Philippines where they move millions of people and pesos. Despite its eternal problems, it is the sabong that most stimulates the nation.
End of the day at the Teesta river dam lake in Gajoldoba, India
Dooars India

At the Gates of the Himalayas

We arrived at the northern threshold of West Bengal. The subcontinent gives way to a vast alluvial plain filled with tea plantations, jungle, rivers that the monsoon overflows over endless rice fields and villages bursting at the seams. On the verge of the greatest of the mountain ranges and the mountainous kingdom of Bhutan, for obvious British colonial influence, India treats this stunning region by Dooars.
Elalab, aerial view, Guinea Bissau
Elalab, Guinea Bissau

A Tabanca in the Guinea of ​​Endless Meanders

There are countless tributaries and channels that, to the north of the great Cacheu River, wind through mangroves and soak up dry land. Against all odds, Felupe people settled there and maintain prolific villages surrounded by rice fields. Elalab, one of those villages, has become one of the most natural and exuberant tabancas in Guinea Bissau.
Portfolio, Got2Globe, Best Images, Photography, Images, Cleopatra, Dioscorides, Delos, Greece
Got2Globe Photo Portfolio
Got2Globe Portfolio

The Earthly and the Celestial

Castles and Fortresses

A Defending World: Castles and Fortresses that Resist

Under threat from enemies from the end of time, the leaders of villages and nations built castles and fortresses. All over the place, military monuments like these continue to resist.
Moorea aerial view
Moorea, French Polynesia

The Polynesian Sister Any Island Would Like to Have

A mere 17km from Tahiti, Moorea does not have a single city and is home to a tenth of its inhabitants. Tahitians have long watched the sun go down and transform the island next door into a misty silhouette, only to return to its exuberant colors and shapes hours later. For those who visit these remote parts of the Pacific, getting to know Moorea is a double privilege.
St. Trinity Church, Kazbegi, Georgia, Caucasus
Winter White
Kazbegi, Georgia

God in the Caucasus Heights

In the 4000th century, Orthodox religious took their inspiration from a hermitage that a monk had erected at an altitude of 5047 m and perched a church between the summit of Mount Kazbek (XNUMXm) and the village at the foot. More and more visitors flock to these mystical stops on the edge of Russia. Like them, to get there, we submit to the whims of the reckless Georgia Military Road.
On the Crime and Punishment trail, St. Petersburg, Russia, Vladimirskaya
Saint Petersburg, Russia

On the Trail of "Crime and Punishment"

In St. Petersburg, we cannot resist investigating the inspiration for the base characters in Fyodor Dostoevsky's most famous novel: his own pities and the miseries of certain fellow citizens.
Miniature houses, Chã das Caldeiras, Fogo Volcano, Cape Verde
Chã das Caldeiras, Fogo Island Cape Verde

A "French" Clan at the Mercy of Fogo

In 1870, a Count born in Grenoble on his way to Brazilian exile, made a stopover in Cape Verde where native beauties tied him to the island of Fogo. Two of his children settled in the middle of the volcano's crater and continued to raise offspring there. Not even the destruction caused by the recent eruptions deters the prolific Montrond from the “county” they founded in Chã das Caldeiras.    
Mother Armenia Statue, Yerevan, Armenia
Yerevan, Armenia

A Capital between East and West

Heiress of the Soviet civilization, aligned with the great Russia, Armenia allows itself to be seduced by the most democratic and sophisticated ways of Western Europe. In recent times, the two worlds have collided in the streets of your capital. From popular and political dispute, Yerevan will dictate the new course of the nation.
Cable car connecting Puerto Plata to the top of PN Isabel de Torres
Natural Parks
Puerto Plata, Dominican Republic

The Dominican Home Silver

Puerto Plata resulted from the abandonment of La Isabela, the second attempt at a Hispanic colony in the Americas. Almost half a millennium after Columbus's landing, it inaugurated the nation's inexorable tourist phenomenon. In a lightning passage through the province, we see how the sea, the mountains, the people and the Caribbean sun keep it shining.
Moscow, Kremlin, Red Square, Russia, Moscow River
UNESCO World Heritage
Moscow, Russia

The Supreme Fortress of Russia

There were many kremlins built, over time, in the vastness of the country of the tsars. None stands out, as monumental as that of the capital Moscow, a historic center of despotism and arrogance that, from Ivan the Terrible to Vladimir Putin, for better or worse, dictated Russia's destiny.
now from above ladder, sorcerer of new zealand, Christchurch, new zealand
Christchurch, New Zealand

New Zealand's Cursed Wizard

Despite his notoriety in the antipodes, Ian Channell, the New Zealand sorcerer, failed to predict or prevent several earthquakes that struck Christchurch. At the age of 88, after 23 years of contract with the city, he made very controversial statements and ended up fired.
Bather rescue in Boucan Canot, Reunion Island
Reunion Island

The Bathing Melodrama of Reunion

Not all tropical coastlines are pleasurable and refreshing retreats. Beaten by violent surf, undermined by treacherous currents and, worse, the scene of the most frequent shark attacks on the face of the Earth, that of the Reunion Island he fails to grant his bathers the peace and delight they crave from him.
Hikers on the Ice Lake Trail, Annapurna Circuit, Nepal
Annapurna Circuit: 7th - Braga - Ice Lake, Nepal

Annapurna Circuit – The Painful Acclimatization of the Ice Lake

On the way up to the Ghyaru village, we had a first and unexpected show of how ecstatic the Annapurna Circuit can be tasted. Nine kilometers later, in Braga, due to the need to acclimatize, we climbed from 3.470m from Braga to 4.600m from Lake Kicho Tal. We only felt some expected tiredness and the increase in the wonder of the Annapurna Mountains.
End of the World Train, Tierra del Fuego, Argentina
On Rails
Ushuaia, Argentina

Last Station: End of the World

Until 1947, the Tren del Fin del Mundo made countless trips for the inmates of the Ushuaia prison to cut firewood. Today, passengers are different, but no other train goes further south.
Executives sleep subway seat, sleep, sleep, subway, train, Tokyo, Japan
Tokyo, Japan

Tokyo's Hypno-Passengers

Japan is served by millions of executives slaughtered with infernal work rates and sparse vacations. Every minute of respite on the way to work or home serves them for their inemuri, napping in public.
Visitors at Talisay Ruins, Negros Island, Philippines
Daily life
Talisay City, Philippines

Monument to a Luso-Philippine Love

At the end of the 11th century, Mariano Lacson, a Filipino farmer, and Maria Braga, a Portuguese woman from Macau, fell in love and got married. During the pregnancy of what would be her 2th child, Maria succumbed to a fall. Destroyed, Mariano built a mansion in his honor. In the midst of World War II, the mansion was set on fire, but the elegant ruins that endured perpetuate their tragic relationship.
savuti, botswana, elephant-eating lions
Savuti, Botswana

Savuti's Elephant-Eating Lions

A patch of the Kalahari Desert dries up or is irrigated depending on the region's tectonic whims. In Savuti, lions have become used to depending on themselves and prey on the largest animals in the savannah.
The Sounds, Fiordland National Park, New Zealand
Scenic Flights
Fiordland, New Zealand

The Fjords of the Antipodes

A geological quirk made the Fiordland region the rawest and most imposing in New Zealand. Year after year, many thousands of visitors worship the sub-domain slashed between Te Anau and Milford Sound.