Everglades National Park, Florida, USA

Florida's Great Weedy River


Airboat on the way
Lonely Tree
Gray Heron
Recharging
Airboat Dock
Ibis Landing
Reptilian Back
Airboat USA
airboat helmsman
Channels and more Channels
Green lake
Risks & Shadows
In Recharge II
Canal in Carriços
The guide
everglades-florida-united-states-surroundings-miami
Anyone who flies over the south of the 27th state is amazed by the green, smooth and soggy vastness that contrasts with the surrounding oceanic tones. This unique U.S. marsh-prairie ecosystem is home to a prolific fauna dominated by 200 of Florida's 1.25 million alligators.

Noisy and controversial to match, tours aboard airboats abound for an obvious reason.

They replace incursions on foot or by bicycle from the national park headquarters, which are too expensive, which remain on the edge of a few canals and reveal almost nothing.

We therefore assumed the need to board one of those eccentric vessels that set sail from the side of Highway 41, one of two that depart from the Atlantic coast, crossing Miami and, in the company of canals, they cross the flooded immensity to the west.

In no time, we leave the forested bank adjoining the asphalt into the surrounding swamp.

We removed our ear plugs every time, in his high position and along the route, the helmsman reduced the engine speed to communicate.

As buoyant as it was noisy, the vessel sailed, sometimes over dark water, sometimes over the sedge thicket (cyperaceae juss) that emerged from it.

The Prolific Fauna of Everglades National Park

After another few moments, reality already illustrated the zoological theory delivered safely from the engine.

Herons of different subspecies, ibises, spoonbills and other winged creatures took off into the blue sky sprinkled with white.

Dozens of alligators They are forced to stop recharging in the sun and dive into the Coca-Cola depths of Everglades National Park.

Spread across the more than 610 hectares protected by the national park of the same name (a much larger unprotected area), alligators have always been the most sought after animal in these tours and the protagonist.

Others, mammals rather than reptiles, occupy alternative places in this stardom. This is the case of manatees, which, as a rule, live near freshwater springs.

And Florida cougars. Even under special attention, recovered from just thirty in the 90s to more than 200 today, concentrated in refuges further north in the park, these endemic felines are rarely seen by the common visitor.

An Invasion of Weedy Species

In Florida – as in other US states – the acquisition and possession of exotic species has become fashionable. In a short time, it killed both the Everglades and the Florida cougar.

Little informed or aware residents of the region get rid of aquarium and farmed fish, iguanas, monitor lizards, parrots and parakeets. No other species added causes as much damage as Burmese pythons and green anacondas.

Even though they often target alligators and come face to face with them, several of their favorite prey are the favorites of Florida pumas, with an emphasis on white-tailed deer that have declined in several areas of the Floridian pantanal.

Florida Natives and the Pioneer Intrusion of Spanish Ponce de León

In other times, both reptiles and felines were much more abundant. Crossing and exploring the Everglades was only up to natives of the area, knowledgeable about its four corners.

Even so, shortly after the pioneering landing of Juan Ponce de León (1513) on the coast of what he would later call Florida, the Spanish conquerors defied the resistance of the native Calusa and Tequesta tribes and were able to probe the edges of the flooded peninsula.

Instead of finding the Fountain of Youth that Ponce de León was said to be searching for, they seized the entire current territory of the state.

Indigenous people did not inhabit the flooded lands of Florida. Instead, from time to time, they crossed them on hunting expeditions or on migrations to other more profitable corners of the region.

During more than two centuries of confrontation and coexistence with the Spanish, with their greed and the diseases they brought from Europe, the indigenous people saw their tribes and ways of life degenerate.

After the Spanish, Arch-Rival Great Britain and the Independent USA

At the end of the XNUMXth century, Great Britain was already seeking to take over the Hispanic colony. With no way to prevent this, the Spanish captured many surviving indigenous people and transferred them to Havana.

Other natives remained safe from their captors. They formed part of a distinct indigenous nation – the Seminole – formed in northern Florida.

This nation was further strengthened and complexified by thousands of free blacks and escaped slaves, especially from neighboring Georgia, who joined it.

If, despite some roads, canals and infrastructure, the Everglades continue to be wild and inhospitable, imagine what they would have been like from the XNUMXth to the XNUMXth century, when much of it remained unexplored by Europeans.

In a short time, this natural and immaculate setting changed.

The Seminole Wars and the Passage of Florida to the United States

Almost half a century after the Declaration of Independence of the USA, the Americans insisted on increasing the nation's territory at the expense of North American indigenous people.

In the case of the Seminoles, the native blockade proved twice as harmful. The indigenous people rejected the settlers.

As if that weren't enough, they welcomed slaves who fled from Georgian farms onto their (officially Spanish) lands. Thus, they often forced farm owners to cross the border in search of missing labor. In fact, they forced the United States army itself to do so.

In 1817, allegedly angered by the indignation of the Spanish, the future 7th President of the USA, General Andrew Jackson, led a new cross-border expedition. He leveled several Seminole settlements and occupied the Florida region of Pensacola.

This US onslaught takes us back to the intimidating interior of the Everglades.

After another three years, Spain assumed that it would not be able to sustain the defense of isolated Florida. He negotiated the territory with the United States.

The intensifying US conflict with the Seminoles (war of 1835-1842) pushed the natives into southern Florida.

Also to the heart of the immense grassy river in which they quickly got used to living. And they knew that the American forces would find themselves in trouble fighting them.

Not even then did the Americans leave the natives alone. The persecution guaranteed them the submission of the Seminole, their escape to unlikely destinations, such as the islands and cays of the Florida Keys or the exile in Oklahoma territory that the US preserved Indians.

It further dictated the pioneering white exploration of most of the Everglades.

The Seminole Refuge in the Everglades

In 1913, the Seminole indigenous people who lived in that swamp so different from the South American wetland there were little more than three hundred. They inhabited rare small islands that emerge from high, dry points full of trees.

They fed on a little of everything that the surrounding fauna and flora generously gave them:

hominy, plant roots, fish, turtle, deer meat and other animals.

Let's fast forward to 1930.

The opening of the Tamiami trail, the current Highway 41 that we followed from Miami and which bisected the Everglades, along with several drainage projects, dictated the end of its isolation.

The Protagonism of the Seminole in the Flooded Vastness

Today, the Seminole inhabit the Everglades city they built.

They work on plantations, ranches and small tourist businesses.

They serve as guides, alligator keepers, artisans and even the fire brigade, whenever fires threaten to spread.

There are still six reservations of Seminole and Miccosukke ethnicities in Florida.

Two of them, Big Cipress and Imokalee, are located right in the heart of the Everglades, a relatively short distance from the large cities of Florida that, from the coast, exert environmental pressure on the flooded expanse.

On one of the flights we take to Miami, in the late afternoon, the plane enters a queue to approach the runway.

The Incompatibility of Civilization with the Preservation of Everglades National Park

The pilot is forced to do two laps over the Everglades National Park, amidst scattered clouds that impose their shadows and plays of light.

For a while, we marveled at the distinct patterns on its surface. Some are almost completely filled with water.

Others, covered in vegetation dotted with lagoons.

Still others, crossed by slow, multidirectional rivers and canals, a strange green labyrinth that the storms and hurricanes that frequently ravage the Florida peninsula, alter and alter again.

Finally, the plane receives authorization to land.

Approaching Miami reveals how much the city and its surroundings expanded into the Everglades, with more canals, roads and urbanization.

Condominiums and golf courses tucked into lakes. Warehouses, salt mines, prisons and so many invasive structures that we failed to understand.

Enough to validate the concern as to whether, even immense, the Everglades would really be forever.

HOW TO GO

Book and fly with TAP Air Portugal: www.flytap.com  TAP flies direct from Lisbon to Miami every day.

Saint Augustine, Florida, USA

Back to the Beginnings of Hispanic Florida

The dissemination of tourist attractions of questionable taste becomes superficial if we take into account the historical depth in question. This is the longest inhabited city in the contiguous US. Ever since Spanish explorers founded it in 1565, St. Augustine resists almost anything.
Miami beach, USA

The Beach of All Vanities

Few coasts concentrate, at the same time, so much heat and displays of fame, wealth and glory. Located in the extreme southeast of the USA, Miami Beach is accessible via six bridges that connect it to the rest of Florida. It is meager for the number of souls who desire it.
Kennedy Space Center, Florida, United States

The American Space Program Launch Pad

Traveling through Florida, we deviated from the programmed orbit. We point to the Atlantic coast of Merrit Island and Cape Canaveral. There we explored the Kennedy Space Center and followed one of the launches that Space X and the United States are now aiming for in Space.
Florida Keys, USA

The Caribbean Stepping Stone of the USA

Os United States continental islands seem to close to the south in its capricious peninsula of Florida. Don't stop there. More than a hundred islands of coral, sand and mangroves form an eccentric tropical expanse that has long seduced American vacationers.
Fazenda São João, Miranda, Brazil

Pantanal with Paraguay in Sight

When the Fazenda Passo do Lontra decided to expand its ecotourism, it recruited the other family farm, the São João. Further away from the Miranda River, this second property reveals a remote Pantanal, on the verge of Paraguay. The country and the homonymous river.
Maguri Bill, India

A Wetland in the Far East of India

The Maguri Bill occupies an amphibious area in the Assamese vicinity of the river Brahmaputra. It is praised as an incredible habitat especially for birds. When we navigate it in gondola mode, we are faced with much (but much) more life than just the asada.
Miranda, Brazil

Maria dos Jacarés: the Pantanal shelters such Creatures

Eurides Fátima de Barros was born in the interior of the Miranda region. 38 years ago, he settled in a small business on the side of BR262 that crosses the Pantanal and gained an affinity with the alligators that lived on his doorstep. Disgusted that once upon a time the creatures were being slaughtered there, she began to take care of them. Now known as Maria dos Jacarés, she named each of the animals after a soccer player or coach. It also makes sure they recognize your calls.
Iberá Wetlands, Argentina

The Pantanal of the Pampas

On the world map, south of the famous brazilian wetland, a little-known flooded region appears, but almost as vast and rich in biodiversity. the Guarani expression Y bera defines it as “shining waters”. The adjective fits more than its strong luminance.
Sheets of Bahia, Brazil

The Swampy Freedom of Quilombo do Remanso

Runaway slaves have survived for centuries around a wetland in Chapada Diamantina. Today, the quilombo of Remanso is a symbol of their union and resistance, but also of the exclusion to which they were voted.
Miami, USA

A Masterpiece of Urban Rehabilitation

At the turn of the 25st century, the Wynwood neighbourhood remained filled with abandoned factories and warehouses and graffiti. Tony Goldman, a shrewd real estate investor, bought more than XNUMX properties and founded a mural park. Much more than honoring graffiti there, Goldman founded the Wynwood Arts District, the great bastion of creativity in Miami.
tombstone, USA

Tombstone: the City Too Hard to Die

Silver veins discovered at the end of the XNUMXth century made Tombstone a prosperous and conflictive mining center on the frontier of the United States to Mexico. Lawrence Kasdan, Kurt Russell, Kevin Costner and other Hollywood directors and actors made famous the Earp brothers and the bloodthirsty duel of “OK Corral”. The Tombstone, which, over time, has claimed so many lives, is about to last.
Little Havana, USA

Little Havana of the Nonconformists

Over the decades and until today, thousands of Cubans have crossed the Florida Straits in search of the land of freedom and opportunity. With the US a mere 145 km away, many have gone no further. His Little Havana in Miami is today the most emblematic neighborhood of the Cuban diaspora.
Grand Canyon, USA

Journey through the Abysmal North America

The Colorado River and tributaries began flowing into the plateau of the same name 17 million years ago and exposed half of Earth's geological past. They also carved one of its most stunning entrails.
Mount Denali, Alaska

The Sacred Ceiling of North America

The Athabascan Indians called him Denali, or the Great, and they revered his haughtiness. This stunning mountain has aroused the greed of climbers and a long succession of record-breaking climbs.
Juneau, Alaska

The Little Capital of Greater Alaska

From June to August, Juneau disappears behind cruise ships that dock at its dockside. Even so, it is in this small capital that the fate of the 49th American state is decided.
Monument Valley, USA

Indians or Cowboys?

Iconic Western filmmakers like John Ford immortalized what is the largest Indian territory in the United States. Today, in the Navajo Nation, the Navajo also live in the shoes of their old enemies.
Talkeetna, Alaska

Talkeetna's Alaska-Style Life

Once a mere mining outpost, Talkeetna rejuvenated in 1950 to serve Mt. McKinley climbers. The town is by far the most alternative and most captivating town between Anchorage and Fairbanks.
Las Vegas, USA

Where sin is always forgiven

Projected from the Mojave Desert like a neon mirage, the North American capital of gaming and entertainment is experienced as a gamble in the dark. Lush and addictive, Vegas neither learns nor regrets.
Navajo nation, USA

The Navajo Nation Lands

From Kayenta to Page, passing through Marble Canyon, we explore the southern Colorado Plateau. Dramatic and desert, the scenery of this indigenous domain, cut out in Arizona, reveals itself to be splendid.
Death Valley, USA

The Hottest Place Resurrection

Since 1921, Al Aziziyah, in Libya, was considered the hottest place on the planet. But the controversy surrounding the 58th measured there meant that, 99 years later, the title was returned to Death Valley.
Amboseli National Park, Mount Kilimanjaro, Normatior Hill
Safari
Amboseli National Park, Kenya

A Gift from the Kilimanjaro

The first European to venture into these Masai haunts was stunned by what he found. And even today, large herds of elephants and other herbivores roam the pastures irrigated by the snow of Africa's biggest mountain.
Hikers on the Ice Lake Trail, Annapurna Circuit, Nepal
Annapurna (circuit)
Annapurna Circuit: 7th - Braga - Ice Lake, Nepal

Annapurna Circuit – The Painful Acclimatization of the Ice Lake

On the way up to the Ghyaru village, we had a first and unexpected show of how ecstatic the Annapurna Circuit can be tasted. Nine kilometers later, in Braga, due to the need to acclimatize, we climbed from 3.470m from Braga to 4.600m from Lake Kicho Tal. We only felt some expected tiredness and the increase in the wonder of the Annapurna Mountains.
Bertie in jalopy, Napier, New Zealand
Architecture & Design
Napier, New Zealand

Back to the 30s

Devastated by an earthquake, Napier was rebuilt in an almost ground-floor Art Deco and lives pretending to stop in the Thirties. Its visitors surrender to the Great Gatsby atmosphere that the city enacts.
Boats on ice, Hailuoto Island, Finland.
Adventure
Hailuoto, Finland

A Refuge in the Gulf of Bothnia

During winter, the island of Hailuoto is connected to the rest of Finland by the country's longest ice road. Most of its 986 inhabitants esteem, above all, the distance that the island grants them.
shadow of success
Ceremonies and Festivities
Champoton, Mexico

Rodeo Under Sombreros

Champoton, in Campeche, hosts a fair honored by the Virgén de La Concepción. O rodeo Mexican under local sombreros reveals the elegance and skill of the region's cowboys.
Homer, Alaska, Kachemak Bay
Cities
Anchorage to Homer, USA

Journey to the End of the Alaskan Road

If Anchorage became the great city of the 49th US state, Homer, 350km away, is its most famous dead end. Veterans of these parts consider this strange tongue of land sacred ground. They also venerate the fact that, from there, they cannot continue anywhere.
Singapore Asian Capital Food, Basmati Bismi
Meal
Singapore

The Asian Food Capital

There were 4 ethnic groups in Singapore, each with its own culinary tradition. Added to this was the influence of thousands of immigrants and expatriates on an island with half the area of ​​London. It was the nation with the greatest gastronomic diversity in the Orient.
Peasant woman, Majuli, Assam, India
Culture
Majuli Island, India

An Island in Countdown

Majuli is the largest river island in India and would still be one of the largest on Earth were it not for the erosion of the river Bramaputra that has been making it diminish for centuries. If, as feared, it is submerged within twenty years, more than an island, a truly mystical cultural and landscape stronghold of the Subcontinent will disappear.
Reindeer Racing, Kings Cup, Inari, Finland
Sport
Inari, Finland

The Wackiest Race on the Top of the World

Finland's Lapps have been competing in the tow of their reindeer for centuries. In the final of the Kings Cup - Porokuninkuusajot - , they face each other at great speed, well above the Arctic Circle and well below zero.
cheap flights, buy cheap flights, cheap airline tickets,
Traveling
Travel does not cost

Buy Flights Before Prices Take Off

Getting cheap flights has become almost a science. Stay on top of the basics why the airline fares market governs and avoid the financial discomfort of buying at a bad time.
Tatooine on Earth
Ethnic
Matmata Tataouine:  Tunisia

Star Wars Earth Base

For security reasons, the planet Tatooine from "The Force Awakens" was filmed in Abu Dhabi. We step back into the cosmic calendar and revisit some of the Tunisian places with the most impact in the saga.  
sunlight photography, sun, lights
Got2Globe Photo Portfolio
Natural Light (Part 2)

One Sun, So Many Lights

Most travel photos are taken in sunlight. Sunlight and weather form a capricious interaction. Learn how to predict, detect and use at its best.
Canoe fishermen, Volta River, Ghana
History
Volta, Ghana

A Tour around Volta

In colonial times, the great African region of the Volta was German, British and French. Today, the area east of this majestic West African river and the lake on which it spreads forms a province of the same name. It is a mountainous, lush and breathtaking corner of Ghana.
Willemstad, Curacao, Punda, Handelskade
Islands
Willemstad, Curaçao

The Multicultural Heart of Curaçao

A Dutch colony in the Caribbean became a major slave hub. It welcomed Sephardic Jews who had taken refuge from the Iberia Inquisition in Amsterdam and Recife. And it assimilated influences from the Portuguese and Spanish villages with which it traded. At the heart of this secular cultural fusion has always been its old capital: Willemstad.
Oulu Finland, Passage of Time
Winter White
Oulu, Finland

Oulu: an Ode to Winter

Located high in the northeast of the Gulf of Bothnia, Oulu is one of Finland's oldest cities and its northern capital. A mere 220km from the Arctic Circle, even in the coldest months it offers a prodigious outdoor life.
Kukenam reward
Literature
Mount Roraima, Venezuela

Time Travel to the Lost World of Mount Roraima

At the top of Mount Roraima, there are extraterrestrial scenarios that have resisted millions of years of erosion. Conan Doyle created, in "The Lost World", a fiction inspired by the place but never got to step on it.
Viewpoint Viewpoint, Alexander Selkirk, on Skin Robinson Crusoe, Chile
Nature
Robinson Crusoe Island, Chile

Alexander Selkirk: in the Skin of the True Robinson Crusoe

The main island of the Juan Fernández archipelago was home to pirates and treasures. His story was made up of adventures like that of Alexander Selkirk, the abandoned sailor who inspired Dafoe's novel
Mother Armenia Statue, Yerevan, Armenia
Autumn
Yerevan, Armenia

A Capital between East and West

Heiress of the Soviet civilization, aligned with the great Russia, Armenia allows itself to be seduced by the most democratic and sophisticated ways of Western Europe. In recent times, the two worlds have collided in the streets of your capital. From popular and political dispute, Yerevan will dictate the new course of the nation.
Seljalandsfoss Escape
Natural Parks
Iceland

The Island of Fire, Ice and Waterfalls

Europe's supreme cascade rushes into Iceland. But it's not the only one. On this boreal island, with constant rain or snow and in the midst of battle between volcanoes and glaciers, endless torrents crash.
gaudy courtship
UNESCO World Heritage
Suzdal, Russia

Thousand Years of Old Fashioned Russia

It was a lavish capital when Moscow was just a rural hamlet. Along the way, it lost political relevance but accumulated the largest concentration of churches, monasteries and convents in the country of the tsars. Today, beneath its countless domes, Suzdal is as orthodox as it is monumental.
Era Susi towed by dog, Oulanka, Finland
Characters
PN Oulanka, Finland

A Slightly Lonesome Wolf

Jukka “Era-Susi” Nordman has created one of the largest packs of sled dogs in the world. He became one of Finland's most iconic characters but remains faithful to his nickname: Wilderness Wolf.
Martinique island, French Antilles, Caribbean Monument Cap 110
Beaches
Martinique, French Antilles

The Armpit Baguette Caribbean

We move around Martinique as freely as the Euro and the tricolor flags fly supreme. But this piece of France is volcanic and lush. Lies in the insular heart of the Americas and has a delicious taste of Africa.
Rostov Veliky Kremlin, Russia
Religion
Rostov Veliky, Russia

Under the Domes of the Russian Soul

It is one of the oldest and most important medieval cities, founded during the still pagan origins of the nation of the tsars. At the end of the XNUMXth century, incorporated into the Grand Duchy of Moscow, it became an imposing center of orthodox religiosity. Today, only the splendor of kremlin Muscovite trumps the citadel of tranquil and picturesque Rostov Veliky.
End of the World Train, Tierra del Fuego, Argentina
On Rails
Ushuaia, Argentina

Last Station: End of the World

Until 1947, the Tren del Fin del Mundo made countless trips for the inmates of the Ushuaia prison to cut firewood. Today, passengers are different, but no other train goes further south.
Executives sleep subway seat, sleep, sleep, subway, train, Tokyo, Japan
Society
Tokyo, Japan

Tokyo's Hypno-Passengers

Japan is served by millions of executives slaughtered with infernal work rates and sparse vacations. Every minute of respite on the way to work or home serves them for their inemuri, napping in public.
the projectionist
Daily life
Sainte-Luce, Martinique

The Nostalgic Projectionist

From 1954 to 1983, Gérard Pierre screened many of the famous films arriving in Martinique. 30 years after the closing of the room in which he worked, it was still difficult for this nostalgic native to change his reel.
Rhinoceros, PN Kaziranga, Assam, India
Wildlife
PN Kaziranga, India

The Indian Monoceros Stronghold

Situated in the state of Assam, south of the great Brahmaputra river, PN Kaziranga occupies a vast area of ​​alluvial swamp. Two-thirds of the rhinocerus unicornis around the world, there are around 100 tigers, 1200 elephants and many other animals. Pressured by human proximity and the inevitable poaching, this precious park has not been able to protect itself from the hyperbolic floods of the monsoons and from some controversies.
Passengers, scenic flights-Southern Alps, New Zealand
Scenic Flights
Aoraki / Mount Cook, New Zealand

The Aeronautical Conquest of the Southern Alps

In 1955, pilot Harry Wigley created a system for taking off and landing on asphalt or snow. Since then, his company has unveiled, from the air, some of the greatest scenery in Oceania.