Yucatan, Mexico

The Sidereal Murphy's Law That Doomed the Dinosaurs

mini dinosaur
portal to the underworld
Destination: Cuzama
Semi-railway transport that, along the Chunkanan farm, takes visitors and bathers to the Cuzamá cenote.
spoils of time
Chunkanan hacienda building, in ruins, not because of the meteorite impact but because of the foreseeable effects of the economy.
Life. Good Life.
Two gringos celebrate human life that, according to the increasingly popular theory, the extinction of the dinosaurs allows them to enjoy.
Flaminga Cuesta
Flamingos feed in the brackish lagoon of the El Corchito Nature Reserve, an area dammed up on the earth's edge from the meteorite impact.
a green fracture
An opening in the predominant layer of limestone that covers the terrestrial area of ​​the Yucatan Peninsula affected by the meteorite impact.
bi-color pair
Horses rest on the stony ground (limestone) generated by the apocalyptic explosion caused by the Chicxulub meteorite 66 million years ago.
underground bath
Bathers enjoy themselves in the lagoon of one of the numerous sinkholes spread across the Yucatan Peninsula.
Scientists studying the crater caused by a meteorite impact 66 million years ago have come to a sweeping conclusion: it happened exactly over a section of the 13% of the Earth's surface susceptible to such devastation. It is a threshold zone on the Mexican Yucatan peninsula that a whim of the evolution of species allowed us to visit.

(Puerto) Progreso is, par excellence, the seaside resort of the meridians, especially in July-August, when heat and humidity tighten in these tropical parts of the Americas and make the atmosphere stifling.

During summer, homes and businesses on the waterfront overlooking the Gulf of Mexico fill with temporary guests.

Some of these homes are small, inelegant but picturesque houses that seem to squeeze together to enjoy the gentle coming and going of the sea.

Others, further from the center of the village, are sophisticated and open houses that the North Americans build to take refuge there from the winter frigidity.

In high season of Caribbean tourism, huge cruises dock at the village's pier, the longest in Mexico, with a modicum of 6.5 km.

So, the gringos disembark and wander around the malecon, before and after boarding vans and buses and heading off towards Mérida, Chichen Itza and other historical and natural places in the Yucatan Peninsula.

Often, despite the water being muddy all year round, they find the seaside flooded with bathers and guests from the region, a crowd given over to a sunny, exotic and amphibious celebration of life and their free time.

This is the picture we painted of living and hot. The one we found on a November morning almost turning to December is quite different.

After three days of cold front, the sky returns to blue, much more common in these parts. The sun shines, but with measured power. When we pass to the other side of the front of houses, the malecon it is delivered to the Norths, the prevailing and furious winds that blow down the gulf from the northern ends of America.

It's also deserted. The fact that we do not see a soul encourages us to flee and explore other corners of the top of the peninsula.

Iguana in Tulum, Quintana Roo, Mexico

An iguana in the vicinity of the Tulum Wind Temple. The devastation caused by the Chicxulub meteorite will have wiped out all land animals weighing more than 25kg. Of the huge predominant dinosaurs, much smaller specimens remain.

About Chicxulub. And the Abrupt Extinction of Dinosaurs.

All morning, we traversed an equally desolate domain of the Yucatan. We skimmed a circumference of the Earth in times of such disembowelment that its destruction gave rise to a kind of Global Winter and the consequent extinction of the larger species, especially the (non-flying) dinosaurs that have long dominated the planet.

The theory of the impact of a 15km diameter meteorite, about 65 million years ago, gained acceptance among scientists as the most pressing explanation for the sudden disappearance of these prehistoric reptiles.

In 1978, Glen Penfield, a geophysicist researching oil for the Mexican company PEMEX detected a crater about 300km in diameter.

It was named Chicxulub, a village a few kilometers south of Progreso, which we approached after admiring the flocks of flamingos in the brackish waters of the El Corchito Ecological Reserve and, to the east, in the Laguna Rosada.

Flamingos in El Corchito Nature Reserve, Mérida, Mexico

Flamingos feed in the brackish lagoon of the El Corchito Nature Reserve, an area dammed up on the earth's edge from the meteorite impact.

The reserve predates the port of Chicxulub, a kind of marine extension of the town namesake of the interior, in turn, close to Dzibilchaltún, a smaller Mayan archaeological site that we also take advantage of to take a look at.

As far as El Corchito and Laguna Rosada are concerned, we can see on the map that they are just two domains of the vast dammed area below the almost insular coastline that encloses the Yucatan.

Such weakness – or geological fault – turns out to be only broader and more exposed than those that dot the peninsula, including its countless cenotes, (deep sinkholes) and the underground rivers that supply and connect them.

This Swiss-cheese panorama is, after all, the geological consequence of the sidereal phenomenon that killed the dinosaurs.

An Apocalyptic Impact

Recent studies carried out in the shallow bed of the Gulf of Mexico allowed to conclude that the meteorite has fallen in one of the least favorable places on the face of the Earth.

If the impact had occurred a few hours before or after, the most likely would be that the meteorite would have reached a deep area of ​​the Atlantic or Pacific ocean and that depth would have cushioned the impact.

At the time and place in which it occurred, the meteorite fell into a shallow sea, covered with a kind of mineral plaster.

The collision was devastating. It opened a crater in the Earth's crust that was 100km long and 30km deep. This crater later collapsed and more than doubled.

Now green fracture in the limestone surface of the Yucatan peninsula

An opening in the predominant layer of limestone that covers the terrestrial area of ​​the Yucatan Peninsula affected by the meteorite impact.

Today, its marine section (almost all) is covered by XNUMX meters of sediment. The terrestrial, in turn, was under a layer of limestone, as we have already seen, dotted with sinkholes and related erosive phenomena.

The explosion generated by the impact of the meteorite had a power equivalent to ten billion atomic bombs "Little Boy”, the one that the B-52 “Enola gay” dropped on Hiroshima. It generated earthquakes and tsunamis that swept much of the planet. It released huge amounts of vaporized rock and sulfur, as well as soot that also combined particles of other substances.

Joanna Morgan, a British professor and scientist who participated in the most recent investigations, says that 325 gigatonnes of sulfur were projected, an estimate that guarantees conservative.

Whatever the amount, an apocalyptic cloud obscured the atmosphere. It so blocked the sun's rays that the temperature dropped between 8 and 17°C and several areas suffered catastrophic droughts.

In the northern hemisphere, climate change was more pronounced and lasting than in the south. This, in an era when the Earth's climate had been cooling for some time due to an intensification of volcanic activity.

It is believable that the rainfall had dragged part of these vaporized particles back to the sea. Kunio Kahio, a renowned Japanese scientist, argues, however, that a substantial portion was left to circulate in the upper atmosphere.

Cenote Sign in Chunkanan, Mérida, Mexico

Signal identifies the Cumaná cenote, a hidden sinkhole on the semi-abandoned Chunkanan farm, south of the city of Mérida.

Chicxulub, from Extinction of Dinosaurs to Renewal of Life on Earth

If we go back to the probabilistic facet of the impact, we will see that, over the millennia, several other meteorites of similar dimensions have fallen on other parts of the Earth: Chesaoeake Bay, in USA., Bavaria, among others.

But only a rare and exceptional terrestrial surface – laden with hydrocarbons – like the one around Chicxulub, could bring about an atmospheric change and a mass extinction like the one that took place.

On the suffocated and frigid Earth that the meteorite bequeathed, vegetation of significant size quickly succumbed. Without food, possibly frozen, followed the dinosaurs and many other species, it is believed that 75% of all animals or at least all terrestrial animals weighing more than 25kg, although mostly bird dinosaurs survived.

In the wake of this theory, different scientists discovered areas with tens of thousands of fossil fragments accumulated in a layer of sediment with just 10 cm.

Now, this concentration of victimized specimens buried in the same place would only be possible if caused by a fulminating and devastating event like the one that caused the Chicxulub crater.

That event annihilated the dinosaurs forever. At the same time, it shuffled the data of life on Earth. In such a way that, as the atmosphere normalized itself, the evolution of the species received an increment that led to the incredible diversity verified for some time now, and to the emergence, proliferation and supremacy of the human species.

Entrance to a cenote near Playa del Carmen, Quintana Roo, Mexico

Another entry into the underground world of the Yucatan Peninsula, this time in the state of Quintana Roo, near Playa del Carmen.

Also there, on the edge of the crater, in the geological legacies of the impact, as in those that mark the anthropological progress of Man, native men and women and outsiders live and celebrate the life that, believing in increasingly accepted theories, the catastrophe meteorite to them will have granted.

The post-impact tropical scenario of the Yucatan Peninsula

From Progreso, we zigzagged through the territory of the Yucatan, first through the Mexican state of the same name, then through the rest of the peninsula. Like thousands of visitors from other distant parts of the affected planet, we are dazzled by the cities that Mayas disseminated in this, which, after an incredible migratory epic, became their corner on Earth.

After Dzibilchaltún, we explore the Chichen Itza ceremonial complex and other places like the yellow city Izamal where vestiges and heritage Maia and Hispanic colonial live together plaza a plaza, street a street.

As is also common sense, we decompress from some tourist stress in several of the natural water spas that abound in these parts. In the absence of bathing conditions on the coast of the Gulf of Mexico, we ventured into the depths of the Rio Secreto (an underground river).

We bathe on the perfect Caribbean beaches of Quintana Roo, the newest of the Peninsula states; also in Overall which is crowned by one of the rare architectural ensembles Mayas erected almost over the Caribbean Sea.

Ruins of the Chunkanan farm in Mérida, Mexico

Chunkanan hacienda building, in ruins, not because of the meteorite impact but because of the foreseeable effects of the economy.

On another tour of the Yucatan, we return to the interior of Mérida, discovering a farm darkens secular, once producing cacti used for clothing fiber and other uses.

A Legacy of the Meteorite, the Yucatecan cenotes

Hacienda Chunkanan dates back to the time of Mexican President Porfirio Diaz. As the resident guide tells us, Diaz offered it, in 1937, to peasants in the area so that they could take their livelihood from it. This happened until, in 2002, in a context in which the raw material had already been devalued, a hurricane called Isidoro devastated it.

Since then, the recovery of infrastructure and production continues to be delayed. For want of better, the peasants take advantage of what survived the cyclone and what the Chicxulub meteorite left them.

"Make yourself comfortable, we'll have ten minutes to travel." Jesus Pech Arjona, the driver of the carriage we took, instructs us. Faced with growing outsiders' interest in the Yucatan's historic farms and most impressive sinkholes, native workers made use of the property's basic rail system.

Transport access to the Cuzamá cenote, Mérida, Mexico

Semi-railway transport that, along the Chunkanan farm, takes visitors and bathers to the Cuzamá cenote.

Accordingly, a leisurely horse tows us and the small carriage along a corridor cleared of tropical vegetation. Ten minutes later, we disembarked. “See that sign at the bottom of the stairs? The entrance is through there!”

We went forward and peeked at the opening where the stairs were tucked away. Downstairs, lightly lit by the plunging sunlight, the cenote de Cuzamá, a deep and wide sink with a pool of translucent emerald water. We put on the bathing suits.

Cenote (dolina) in the state of Mérida, Mexico

Bathers enjoy themselves in the lagoon of one of the numerous sinkholes spread across the Yucatan Peninsula.

We went down the stairs and joined four or five other bathers who were already enjoying the unusual lagoon. We splashed, swam, investigated the strange bottom of the flooded cave.

And we floated for minutes on end, just thinking about the irony of the same furious meteorite that annihilated the dinosaurs, having validated us. And to the delicious geological whim in which we felt renewed.

More tourist information about the Yucatan Peninsula on the website visit mexico

Izamal, Mexico

The Holy, Yellow and Beautiful Mexican City

Until the arrival of the Spanish conquerors, Izamal was a center of worship for the supreme Mayan god Itzamná and Kinich Kakmó, the one of the sun. Gradually, the invaders razed the various pyramids of the natives. In its place, they built a large Franciscan convent and a prolific colonial houses, with the same solar tone in which the now Catholic city shines.
Campeche, Mexico

Campeche Upon Can Pech

As was the case throughout Mexico, the conquerors arrived, saw and won. Can Pech, the Mayan village, had almost 40 inhabitants, palaces, pyramids and an exuberant urban architecture, but in 1540 there were less than 6 natives. Over the ruins, the Spaniards built Campeche, one of the most imposing colonial cities in the Americas.
Overall, Mexico

The Most Caribbean of the Mayan Ruins

Built by the sea as an exceptional outpost decisive for the prosperity of the Mayan nation, Tulum was one of its last cities to succumb to Hispanic occupation. At the end of the XNUMXth century, its inhabitants abandoned it to time and to an impeccable coastline of the Yucatan peninsula.
Mérida, Mexico

The Most Exuberant of Meridas

In 25 BC, the Romans founded Emerita Augusta, capital of Lusitania. The Spanish expansion generated three other Méridas in the world. Of the four, the Yucatan capital is the most colorful and lively, resplendent with Hispanic colonial heritage and multi-ethnic life.
Cobá to Pac Chen, Mexico

From the Ruins to the Mayan Homes

On the Yucatan Peninsula, the history of the second largest indigenous Mexican people is intertwined with their daily lives and merges with modernity. In Cobá, we went from the top of one of its ancient pyramids to the heart of a village of our times.
Champoton, Mexico

Rodeo Under Sombreros

Champoton, in Campeche, hosts a fair honored by the Virgén de La Concepción. O rodeo Mexican under local sombreros reveals the elegance and skill of the region's cowboys.
San Cristóbal de las Casas a Campeche, Mexico

A Relay of Faith

The Catholic equivalent of Our Lady of Fátima, Our Lady of Guadalupe moves and moves Mexico. Its faithful cross the country's roads, determined to bring the proof of their faith to the patroness of the Americas.
Campeche, Mexico

200 Years of Playing with Luck

At the end of the XNUMXth century, the peasants surrendered to a game introduced to cool the fever of cash cards. Today, played almost only for Abuelites, lottery little more than a fun place.
Yucatan, Mexico

The End of the End of the World

The announced day passed but the End of the World insisted on not arriving. In Central America, today's Mayans watched and put up with incredulity all the hysteria surrounding their calendar.
Gorongosa National Park, Mozambique, Wildlife, lions
NP Gorongosa, Mozambique

The Wild Heart of Mozambique shows Signs of Life

Gorongosa was home to one of the most exuberant ecosystems in Africa, but from 1980 to 1992 it succumbed to the Civil War waged between FRELIMO and RENAMO. Greg Carr, Voice Mail's millionaire inventor received a message from the Mozambican ambassador to the UN challenging him to support Mozambique. For the good of the country and humanity, Carr pledged to resurrect the stunning national park that the Portuguese colonial government had created there.
Young people walk the main street in Chame, Nepal
Annapurna (circuit)
Annapurna Circuit: 1th - Pokhara a ChameNepal

Finally, on the way

After several days of preparation in Pokhara, we left towards the Himalayas. The walking route only starts in Chame, at 2670 meters of altitude, with the snowy peaks of the Annapurna mountain range already in sight. Until then, we complete a painful but necessary road preamble to its subtropical base.
Mother Armenia Statue, Yerevan, Armenia
Architecture & Design
Yerevan, Armenia

A Capital between East and West

Heiress of the Soviet civilization, aligned with the great Russia, Armenia allows itself to be seduced by the most democratic and sophisticated ways of Western Europe. In recent times, the two worlds have collided in the streets of your capital. From popular and political dispute, Yerevan will dictate the new course of the nation.
Boat Trips

For Those Becoming Internet Sick

Hop on and let yourself go on unmissable boat trips like the Philippine archipelago of Bacuit and the frozen sea of ​​the Finnish Gulf of Bothnia.
Camel Racing, Desert Festival, Sam Sam Dunes, Rajasthan, India
Ceremonies and Festivities
Jaisalmer, India

There's a Feast in the Thar Desert

As soon as the short winter breaks, Jaisalmer indulges in parades, camel races, and turban and mustache competitions. Its walls, alleys and surrounding dunes take on more color than ever. During the three days of the event, natives and outsiders watch, dazzled, as the vast and inhospitable Thar finally shines through.
Casario de Ushuaia, last of the cities, Tierra del Fuego, Argentina
Ushuaia, Argentina

The Last of the Southern Cities

The capital of Tierra del Fuego marks the southern threshold of civilization. From Ushuaia depart numerous incursions to the frozen continent. None of these play and run adventures compares to life in the final city.
Obese resident of Tupola Tapaau, a small island in Western Samoa.
Tonga, Western Samoa, Polynesia

XXL Pacific

For centuries, the natives of the Polynesian islands subsisted on land and sea. Until the intrusion of colonial powers and the subsequent introduction of fatty pieces of meat, fast food and sugary drinks have spawned a plague of diabetes and obesity. Today, while much of Tonga's national GDP, Western Samoa and neighbors is wasted on these “western poisons”, fishermen barely manage to sell their fish.
Visitors to Ernest Hemingway's Home, Key West, Florida, United States
Key West, United States

Hemingway's Caribbean Playground

Effusive as ever, Ernest Hemingway called Key West "the best place I've ever been...". In the tropical depths of the contiguous US, he found evasion and crazy, drunken fun. And the inspiration to write with intensity to match.
combat arbiter, cockfighting, philippines

When Only Cock Fights Wake Up the Philippines

Banned in much of the First World, cockfighting thrives in the Philippines where they move millions of people and pesos. Despite its eternal problems, it is the sabong that most stimulates the nation.
Streymoy island, Faroe Islands, Tjornuvik, Giant and Witch
Streymoy, Faroe Islands

Up Streymoy, drawn to the Island of Currents

We leave the capital Torshavn heading north. We crossed from Vestmanna to the east coast of Streymoy. Until we reach the northern end of Tjornuvík, we are dazzled again and again by the verdant eccentricity of the largest Faroese island.
Male Maldives

The Maldives For Real

Seen from the air, Malé, the capital of the Maldives, looks little more than a sample of a crammed island. Those who visit it will not find lying coconut trees, dream beaches, spas or infinite pools. Be dazzled by the genuine Maldivian everyday life that tourist brochures omit.
Rainbow in the Grand Canyon, an example of prodigious photographic light
Got2Globe Photo Portfolio
Natural Light (Part 1)

And Light was made on Earth. Know how to use it.

The theme of light in photography is inexhaustible. In this article, we give you some basic notions about your behavior, to start with, just and only in terms of geolocation, the time of day and the time of year.
tarsio, bohol, philippines, out of this world
Bohol, Philippines

Other-wordly Philippines

The Philippine archipelago spans 300.000 km² of the Pacific Ocean. Part of the Visayas sub-archipelago, Bohol is home to small alien-looking primates and the extraterrestrial hills of the Chocolate Hills.
Singapore Asian Capital Food, Basmati Bismi

The Asian Food Capital

There were 4 ethnic groups in Singapore, each with its own culinary tradition. Added to this was the influence of thousands of immigrants and expatriates on an island with half the area of ​​London. It was the nation with the greatest gastronomic diversity in the Orient.
Reindeer Racing, Kings Cup, Inari, Finland
Winter White
Inari, Finland

The Wackiest Race on the Top of the World

Finland's Lapps have been competing in the tow of their reindeer for centuries. In the final of the Kings Cup - Porokuninkuusajot - , they face each other at great speed, well above the Arctic Circle and well below zero.
View from the top of Mount Vaea and the tomb, Vailima village, Robert Louis Stevenson, Upolu, Samoa
Upolu, Samoa

Stevenson's Treasure Island

At age 30, the Scottish writer began looking for a place to save him from his cursed body. In Upolu and the Samoans, he found a welcoming refuge to which he gave his heart and soul.
Tibetan heights, altitude sickness, mountain prevent to treat, travel

Altitude Sickness: the Grievances of Getting Mountain Sick

When traveling, it happens that we find ourselves confronted with the lack of time to explore a place as unmissable as it is high. Medicine and previous experiences with Altitude Evil dictate that we should not risk ascending in a hurry.
Sheki, Autumn in the Caucasus, Azerbaijan, Autumn Homes
Sheki, Azerbaijan

autumn in the caucasus

Lost among the snowy mountains that separate Europe from Asia, Sheki is one of Azerbaijan's most iconic towns. Its largely silky history includes periods of great harshness. When we visited it, autumn pastels added color to a peculiar post-Soviet and Muslim life.
Natural Parks
Annapurna Circuit: 5th - Ngawal a BragaNepal

Towards the Nepalese Braga

We spent another morning of glorious weather discovering Ngawal. There is a short journey towards Manang, the main town on the way to the zenith of the Annapurna circuit. We stayed for Braga (Braka). The hamlet would soon prove to be one of its most unforgettable places.
Mirador de La Peña, El Hierro, Canary Islands, Spain
UNESCO World Heritage
El Hierro, Canary Islands

The Volcanic Rim of the Canaries and the Old World

Until Columbus arrived in the Americas, El Hierro was seen as the threshold of the known world and, for a time, the Meridian that delimited it. Half a millennium later, the last western island of the Canaries is teeming with exuberant volcanism.
aggie gray, Samoa, South Pacific, Marlon Brando Fale
Apia, Western Samoa

The Host of the South Pacific

She sold burguês to GI's in World War II and opened a hotel that hosted Marlon Brando and Gary Cooper. Aggie Gray passed away in 2. Her legacy lives on in the South Pacific.
Phi Phi Islands, Thailand

Back to Danny Boyle's The Beach

It's been 15 years since the debut of the backpacker classic based on the novel by Alex Garland. The film popularized the places where it was shot. Shortly thereafter, the XNUMX tsunami literally washed some away off the map. Today, their controversial fame remains intact.
Engravings, Karnak Temple, Luxor, Egypt
Luxor, Egypt

From Luxor to Thebes: Journey to Ancient Egypt

Thebes was raised as the new supreme capital of the Egyptian Empire, the seat of Amon, the God of Gods. Modern Luxor inherited the Temple of Karnak and its sumptuousness. Between one and the other flow the sacred Nile and millennia of dazzling history.
Flam Railway composition below a waterfall, Norway.
On Rails
Nesbyen to Flam, Norway

Flam Railway: Sublime Norway from the First to the Last Station

By road and aboard the Flam Railway, on one of the steepest railway routes in the world, we reach Flam and the entrance to the Sognefjord, the largest, deepest and most revered of the Scandinavian fjords. From the starting point to the last station, this monumental Norway that we have unveiled is confirmed.
Women with long hair from Huang Luo, Guangxi, China
Longsheng, China

Huang Luo: the Chinese Village of the Longest Hairs

In a multi-ethnic region covered with terraced rice paddies, the women of Huang Luo have surrendered to the same hairy obsession. They let the longest hair in the world grow, years on end, to an average length of 170 to 200 cm. Oddly enough, to keep them beautiful and shiny, they only use water and rice.
Casario, uptown, Fianarantsoa, ​​Madagascar
Daily life
Fianarantsoa, Madagascar

The Malagasy City of Good Education

Fianarantsoa was founded in 1831 by Ranavalona Iª, a queen of the then predominant Merina ethnic group. Ranavalona Iª was seen by European contemporaries as isolationist, tyrant and cruel. The monarch's reputation aside, when we enter it, its old southern capital remains as the academic, intellectual and religious center of Madagascar.
Asian buffalo herd, Maguri Beel, Assam, India
Maguri Bill, India

A Wetland in the Far East of India

The Maguri Bill occupies an amphibious area in the Assamese vicinity of the river Brahmaputra. It is praised as an incredible habitat especially for birds. When we navigate it in gondola mode, we are faced with much (but much) more life than just the asada.
Full Dog Mushing
Scenic Flights
Seward, Alaska

The Alaskan Dog Mushing Summer

It's almost 30 degrees and the glaciers are melting. In Alaska, entrepreneurs have little time to get rich. Until the end of August, dog mushing cannot stop.