Chã das Caldeiras, Fogo Island Cape Verde

A "French" Clan at the Mercy of Fogo

houses from other times
Lava houses sold by natives, at the entrance to PN Fogo.
Meander in lava
A resident of Chã das Caldeiras, she walks along the road left over from the great sea of ​​lava.
Adriano & Filomena
Adriano and Filomena Montrond, at the entrance of the house they lived in, now filled with solidified lava.
the great fire
The almost perfect cone of the Fogo volcano, the highest mountain in Cape Verde, with an altitude of 2829 m.
For this volcano below
Guide João da Silva walks through the base of Fogo, towards the inhabited area of ​​Chã das Caldeiras.
Guide João da Silva jumps down the slope towards the Pequeno Fogo crater, where the last eruptions had originated.
Cattle kept in a corral surrounded by lava released by Fire.
in the wrong place II
Houses of Chã das Caldeiras under the lava that took over in November 2014.
Tiago and Airson, children descendants of the clan; Montrond, a golden color as, over time, became common in Chã das Caldeiras.
Newly built houses once again on the possible path of lava released in an upcoming Fire eruption.
in the wrong place III
Detail of another building invaded by lava.
isolated victim
House lost in the lava torrent.
At the top of Cape Verde
Guide João da Silva contemplates the Atlantic Ocean around the island of Fogo.
the submission of lava
The villages of Chã das Caldeiras buried by the last eruption of the Fogo volcano.
the great tea
The vast caldera of Fogo, 9km in diameter and west of the large cone of the volcano.
fire in fire
Sunset surrounds the cone of Fire of a burning sky.
In 1870, a Count born in Grenoble on his way to Brazilian exile, made a stopover in Cape Verde where native beauties tied him to the island of Fogo. Two of his children settled in the middle of the volcano's crater and continued to raise offspring there. Not even the destruction caused by the recent eruptions deters the prolific Montrond from the “county” they founded in Chã das Caldeiras.    

The Early Bird Journey from São Filipe to Chã das Caldeiras

Alarm clocks go off at 5:15 am. Fifteen minutes later, still pitch-dark, we left São Filipe, in the taxi driven by Edilson, the same teenager who, a few days earlier, had brought us from the airport to the capital of Fire Island.

Gradually we ascend the southeast slope of the great cone at the heart of the island. We didn't catch a glimpse of a soul when we passed the large wooden sign that marks the entrance to the Fogo Natural Park. We entered the heart of the mountain. The expanse of solidified lava around and above only accentuates the blackness.

Edilson moves slowly forward, afraid that the rough and rough road will wreak havoc on his boss's car. It is, therefore, with the imminent dawn already reviving the caldera that we reach the inhabited area of ​​Chã das Caldeiras.

There we met João Silva, the local guide with whom we would climb to the top of the volcano. John welcomes us. Don't waste words. He had already conquered the Fire countless times, ahead of outsiders from different parts. For him, that ascent would be just one more.

At the same time, a precious financial aid and an inconvenience in the construction work of the new and unobstructed inn that, despite the always latent threat of the volcano, his family was building.

The Painful Ascent to the Summit of the Fire volcano

In its last bad moods, Fogo had coated the eastern section of the caldera with fresh lava. The abrasive path we take begins by crossing a gentle slope and, shortly thereafter, points to the heights of the eastern slope and submits ourselves to an exasperating effort.

The more we go up, the better the circular and shallow bed of Chã is defined and the torrent of lava that filled it and had enveloped and razed most of the buildings in Portela, Bangaeira and Dje de Lorna, villages from which, from there or wherever whatever, there were only roofs in sight.

The distant vision of his misfortune has held us several times in a contemplative fascination.

Buried villages, Chã das Caldeiras, Fogo island, Cape Verde

The villages of Chã das Caldeiras buried by the last eruption of the Fogo volcano.

We were touched by the fate of the lava that flowed, unstoppable, to the east, conditioned by the foot of the opposite slope of Bordeira, the high and steep edge of the vast and deep caldera measuring 9km in diameter bounded by cliffs 1km in height.

We were also intrigued by how and why, with so much of the island of Fogo at their disposal, two villages were installed there with arms and luggage, at the mercy of the natural whims of the largest of the mountains of Cape Verde, from its youngest, most majestic and intimidating volcano.

On the Roasted Top of Fire

Four hours later, with many photographic stops in between, we reached the summit. We recover energy with convenient snacks. At 2,829 meters from Pico do Fogo, on the highest point we could hope to reach in the entire Cape Verdean archipelago, we can admire the immensity of the caldera.

And that of the surrounding Atlantic, muffled by a blanket of much lower clouds that hid the sharp peaks of the neighboring island of Santiago and brought her a convenient sunscreen, at that wintery and still dry time of year, not even to think about rain.

We pass to the other side of the crater rim, with extra care to avoid stumbling blocks that could make us roll down there. Finally, an inner track takes us to a passage protected by the rock.

We took advantage of it to lean on and peek at the rounded bottom of the cone that supported us.

Its sides were also curved. Thus, it was explained that, reassured by the fact that the last eruption from there dates back to 1769, several of the visitors to Pico do Fogo descended there and left testimonies – mostly of identity and love – written with clear stones on the dark gray ground.

Guide to Chã das Caldeiras, Fogo volcano peak, Cape Verde

Guide João da Silva contemplates the Atlantic Ocean around the island of Fogo

We go around a few additional meters of the interior of the cone. Soon, we return to the outside and the extraordinary view of the caldera. We reached a slab crammed with rocks poorly attached to the porous ground.

Once this obstacle has been overcome, we come across Pico Pequeno, one of the openings of the volcano that, in 2014, gave rise to the last of the eruptions and to slow but inexorable Hawaiian-style lava flows.

From the summit, in leaps, back to the foothills

The boulders are followed by a steep slope, covered with voluminous and dusty volcanic sand. João takes to her in a run alternating with long jumps. We follow suit. We arrived, thus, in three times, but with our boots full of debris, at the top of the secondary crater where it stank of sulfur and the heat was redoubled.

João stops to show us how active and energized the volcano was there. He gathers some branches, places them over a blackened crevice and looks at the work. Fifteen seconds later, the branches succumbed to the Fire's fire.

Descent from the summit, Fogo volcano, Cape Verde

Guide João da Silva jumps down the slope towards the Pequeno Fogo crater, where the last eruptions had originated

We follow the rest of the route along the foothills, between the vines and fig trees that preceded the houses. We arrived at the inn of one of his ten brothers, Alcindo.

There we rested in the company of a group of French students on a privileged school trip.

And from there we moved to the inn of neighbors Adriano and Filomena, she one of the many Montronds who, at one point, took over Chã.

The History and Prolific Descent of the Montronds

The Montronds didn't make it straight to those end-of-the-world parts, or anything like that. Its story begins with a French Count born in Grenoble.

For some reason – it is speculated that political and ideological discontent, the need to flee due to debt or even both, among other possible reasons – François Louis Armand de Montrond left France for the Brazil. In 1872, it landed in São Vicente. He was soon enchanted by the proximity to the land and the affable warmth of Cape Verde.

Explored other islands. But he ended up settling in Fogo. There he indulged in successive novels. It is known that he fell in love with Clementina, Camila, Demitília, Josefa, Antónia, Guelhermina and Jesuína. All of them mothers of their many children. Each partner earned him the construction of a two-story house – in Achada Maurício, Baluarte, Mosteiros, São Filipe and other places.

Some of them were built with materials that he ordered in France and were at the origin of new villages on the island, such as Geneva (today Luzia Nunes), which he himself baptized, inspired by a hill near Grenoble.

Cultured, endowed with aristocratic training, philanthropist, Armand Montrond employed his knowledge (including physicians) and influence in the service of the natives.

He planted vines with vines also brought from his homeland, and produced enough coffee to export to Portugal. Montrond gained the respect and affection of the natives. In such a way that the people of D'jar Fogo began to call him Nho Erman di França.

Montrond's genes quickly spread across the island. Later, via whaling emigration but not only, also by the United States and other parts of the world.

Young residents of Chã das Caldeiras, Fogo Island, Cape Verde

Tiago and Airson, children descendants of the clan; Montrond, a golden color that, over time, became common in Chã das Caldeiras

But what most interests Chã das Caldeiras is that, despite the recent and recurrent eruptions of 1847, 1852 and 1857, Armand Montrond's sons, Manuel da Cruz and Miguel, moved there with their families.

This short migration still justifies that, today, in no other part of the island of Fogo or of Cape Verde let the French-speaking genes and visuals be so obvious and plentiful.

The Resilient People of Chã das Caldeiras

We installed ourselves in the room that Adriano and Filomena had reserved for us. We had lunch. Then we sailed through the sea of ​​solid lava, among the wreckage of homes that it swallowed. We explored what was left of Portela and Bangaeira.

Both villages were inhabited until the lava released by the dramatic eruption of November 2014 advanced in the fateful direction, in the most feared, but also the most logical of senses: the one that descends from the foot of Pico do Fogo towards the huge eastern opening of the caldera .

We are following the rebuilding efforts of some of the families then expelled by the eruption, but who decided to persist. We see them piling together cement blocks and bricks. Fixing roof slabs and window frames, all done by them, only in rare cases, with the help of one or two hired workers in the lower lands of the island.

Some have handicraft stalls by the side of the road and rush to try to sell it whenever they sense the passing of visitors. “Take some souvenirs, gentlemen. It's all made here by us!" tells us a girl with a determined tone.

Miniature houses, Chã das Caldeiras, Fogo Volcano, Cape Verde

Lava houses sold by natives, at the entrance to PN Fogo.

We admire the lava, thatch and seed houses that the natives create in less than five minutes with material at hand, but which, even so, perfectly emulate the real ones, so many of them filled with lava by the most recent eruptions.

Some are basic cabins; others larger and more complex, still others set atop sharp cliffs. We had already decided to bring gifts from Cape Verde. There we found something that pleased us and that, at the same time, allowed us to contribute to the natives' reconstruction effort.

A Prolific Crater But That Lava Does Not Spare

We say goodbye and return to the walk. We found what was left of the orchards that supplied the natives and visitors.

And with the fig trees and vines that are believed to have been introduced by Count Montrond, the origin of the manecom wine produced there by hand, it is said that, later renovated, with “Jacquez” vines imported from the United States by Néné Fontes, a native of Cova Figueira.

Despite the inhospitable aspect of the landscape, the Fogo wine in general and the caldera in particular was so improved that it is about to conquer its own designation of origin “Chã das Caldeiras Wine”.

We found the exotic children from Chã, with long blond hair. And teenagers and adults with light skin and eyes, unlikely in Cape Verde, were it not for the genetic contribution of the Montronds.

Darkens. Until it fades, the setting sunlight hits and heats Pico do Fogo. When it's gone for good, we return to Adriano and Filomena's shelter. Devastated by the morning's long rise, we fell asleep much faster than we wished.

Adriano & Filomena Montrond, Chã das Caldeiras, Fogo Island, Cape Verde

Filomena Montrond, direct descendant and her husband Adriano, in her house invaded by lava.

We woke up early to match and peeked at the couple's property, surrounded by the lava flow that almost destroyed everything there. From the terrace in front of the dining room, we see Adriano and Filomena pass by the sunken backyard of the home they used to use.

We went downstairs and interrupted the work of Filomena who was laying out clothes in front of doors and windows from which perked out bold lava tips. Without wanting to force the drama they lived through, we approach the always curious theme of the Montrond genesis.

We inquired about Filomena's pale skin and aqua-green eyes. Adriano doesn't shy away from clarifying: “I could also be part of it, but my wife has the nickname and everything.

Until a while ago, this was Casa Tito Montrond, her father who died in 2011.

Montrond (s) here in Chã and out of this fire, they will never be absent!”


TAP flies directly from Lisbon to Praia, Cape Verde. From Praia, you can fly to São Filipe, on the island of Fogo.

Fogo Island, Cape Verde

Around the Fogo Island

Time and the laws of geomorphology dictated that the volcano-island of Fogo rounded off like no other in Cape Verde. Discovering this exuberant Macaronesian archipelago, we circled around it against the clock. We are dazzled in the same direction.
Santo Antão, Cape Verde

Up and Down the Estrada da Corda

Santo Antão is the westernmost of the Cape Verde Islands. There lies an Atlantic and rugged threshold of Africa, a majestic insular domain that we begin by unraveling from one end to the other of its dazzling Estrada da Corda.
São Nicolau, Cape Verde

São Nicolau: Pilgrimage to Terra di Sodade

Forced matches like those that inspired the famous morna “soda” made the pain of having to leave the islands of Cape Verde very strong. Discovering saninclau, between enchantment and wonder, we pursue the genesis of song and melancholy.
Boa Vista Island, Cape Verde

Boa Vista Island: Atlantic waves, Dunas do Sara

Boa Vista is not only the Cape Verdean island closest to the African coast and its vast desert. After a few hours of discovery, it convinces us that it is a piece of the Sahara adrift in the North Atlantic.
island of salt, Cape Verde

The Salt of the Island of Sal

At the approach of the XNUMXth century, Sal remained lacking in drinking water and practically uninhabited. Until the extraction and export of the abundant salt there encouraged a progressive population. Today, salt and salt pans add another flavor to the most visited island in Cape Verde.
Santa Maria, Sal Island, Cape Verde

Santa Maria and the Atlantic Blessing of Sal

Santa Maria was founded in the first half of the XNUMXth century, as a salt export warehouse. Today, thanks to the providence of Santa Maria, Sal Ilha is worth much more than the raw material.
Cidade Velha, Cape Verde

Cidade Velha: the Ancient of the Tropico-Colonial Cities

It was the first settlement founded by Europeans below the Tropic of Cancer. In crucial times for Portuguese expansion to Africa and South America and for the slave trade that accompanied it, Cidade Velha became a poignant but unavoidable legacy of Cape Verdean origins.

São Vicente, Cape Verde

The Volcanic Arid Wonder of Soncente

A return to São Vicente reveals an aridity as dazzling as it is inhospitable. Those who visit it are surprised by the grandeur and geological eccentricity of the fourth smallest island in Cape Verde.
Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park Indonesia

The Volcanic Sea of ​​Java

The gigantic Tengger caldera rises 2000m in the heart of a sandy expanse of east Java. From it project the highest mountain of this Indonesian island, the Semeru, and several other volcanoes. From the fertility and clemency of this sublime as well as Dantesque setting, one of the few Hindu communities that resisted the Muslim predominance around, thrives.
Pico Island, Azores

Pico Island: the Azores Volcano with the Atlantic at its Feet

By a mere volcanic whim, the youngest Azorean patch projects itself into the rock and lava apogee of Portuguese territory. The island of Pico is home to its highest and sharpest mountain. But not only. It is a testament to the resilience and ingenuity of the Azoreans who tamed this stunning island and surrounding ocean.
La Palma, Canary IslandsSpain (España)

The Most Mediatic of the Cataclysms to Happen

The BBC reported that the collapse of a volcanic slope on the island of La Palma could generate a mega-tsunami. Whenever the area's volcanic activity increases, the media take the opportunity to scare the world.
Big Island, Hawaii

Searching for Rivers of Lava

There are five volcanoes that make the big island of Hawaii grow day by day. Kilauea, the most active on Earth, is constantly releasing lava. Despite this, we live a kind of epic to envision it.
São Nicolau, Cape Verde

Photography of Nha Terra São Nicolau

The voice of the late Cesária Verde crystallized the feeling of Cape Verdeans who were forced to leave their island. who visits São Nicolau or, wherever it may be, admires images that illustrate it well, understands why its people proudly and forever call it their land.
Chã das Caldeiras a Mosteiros, Fogo Island, Cape Verde

Chã das Caldeiras to Mosteiros: descent through the Ends of Fogo

With the Cape Verde summit conquered, we sleep and recover in Chã das Caldeiras, in communion with some of the lives at the mercy of the volcano. The next morning, we started the return to the capital São Filipe, 11 km down the road to Mosteiros.
Brava, Cape Verde

Cape Verde Brave Island

During colonization, the Portuguese came across a moist and lush island, something rare in Cape Verde. Brava, the smallest of the inhabited islands and one of the least visited of the archipelago, preserves the authenticity of its somewhat elusive Atlantic and volcanic nature.
Santiago, Cape Verde

Santiago from bottom to top

Landed in the Cape Verdean capital of Praia, we explore its pioneer predecessor city. From Cidade Velha, we follow the stunning mountainous ridge of Santiago to the unobstructed top of Tarrafal.
Santo Antão, Cape Verde

Porto Novo to Ribeira Grande the Seaside Way

Once settled in Porto Novo, Santo Antão, we soon notice two routes to the second largest village on the island. Once surrendered to the monumental up-and-down of Estrada da Corda, the volcanic and Atlantic drama of the coastal alternative dazzles us.
Ponta do Sol a Fontainhas, Santo Antão, Cape Verde

A Vertiginous Journey from Ponta do Sol

We reach the northern tip of Santo Antão and Cape Verde. On a new afternoon of radiant light, we follow the Atlantic bustle of the fishermen and the less coastal day-to-day life of Ponta do Sol. With sunset imminent, we inaugurate a gloomy and intimidating quest of the village of Fontainhas.
Mindelo, São Vicente, Cape Verde

The Miracle of São Vicente

São Vicente has always been arid and inhospitable to match. The challenging colonization of the island subjected the settlers to successive hardships. Until, finally, its providential deep-water bay enabled Mindelo, the most cosmopolitan city and the cultural capital of Cape Verde.
Nova Sintra, Brava, Cape Verde

A Creole Sintra, instead of Saloia

When Portuguese settlers discovered the island of Brava, they noticed its climate, much wetter than most of Cape Verde. Determined to maintain connections with the distant metropolis, they called the main town Nova Sintra.
Okavango Delta, Not all rivers reach the sea, Mokoros
Okavango Delta, Botswana

Not all rivers reach the sea

Third longest river in southern Africa, the Okavango rises in the Angolan Bié plateau and runs 1600km to the southeast. It gets lost in the Kalahari Desert where it irrigates a dazzling wetland teeming with wildlife.
Thorong Pedi to High Camp, Annapurna Circuit, Nepal, Lone Walker
Annapurna (circuit)
Annapurna Circuit: 12th - Thorong Phedi a High camp

The Prelude to the Supreme Crossing

This section of the Annapurna Circuit is only 1km away, but in less than two hours it takes you from 4450m to 4850m and to the entrance to the great canyon. Sleeping in High Camp is a test of resistance to Mountain Evil that not everyone passes.
Architecture & Design
Castles and Fortresses

A Defending World: Castles and Fortresses that Resist

Under threat from enemies from the end of time, the leaders of villages and nations built castles and fortresses. All over the place, military monuments like these continue to resist.
Full Dog Mushing
Seward, Alaska

The Alaskan Dog Mushing Summer

It's almost 30 degrees and the glaciers are melting. In Alaska, entrepreneurs have little time to get rich. Until the end of August, dog mushing cannot stop.
The Crucifixion in Helsinki
Ceremonies and Festivities
Helsinki, Finland

A Frigid-Scholarly Via Crucis

When Holy Week arrives, Helsinki shows its belief. Despite the freezing cold, little dressed actors star in a sophisticated re-enactment of Via Crucis through streets full of spectators.
Dusk in Itzamna Park, Izamal, Mexico
Izamal, Mexico

The Holy, Yellow and Beautiful Mexican City

Until the arrival of the Spanish conquerors, Izamal was a center of worship for the supreme Mayan god Itzamná and Kinich Kakmó, the one of the sun. Gradually, the invaders razed the various pyramids of the natives. In its place, they built a large Franciscan convent and a prolific colonial houses, with the same solar tone in which the now Catholic city shines.
World Food

Gastronomy Without Borders or Prejudice

Each people, their recipes and delicacies. In certain cases, the same ones that delight entire nations repel many others. For those who travel the world, the most important ingredient is a very open mind.
Djerbahood, Erriadh, Djerba, Mirror
Erriadh, Djerba, Tunisia

A Village Made Fleeting Art Gallery

In 2014, an ancient Djerbian settlement hosted 250 murals by 150 artists from 34 countries. The lime walls, the intense sun and the sand-laden winds of the Sahara erode the works of art. Erriadh's metamorphosis into Djerbahood is renewed and continues to dazzle.
Bungee jumping, Queenstown, New Zealand
Queenstown, New Zealand

Queenstown, the Queen of Extreme Sports

In the century. XVIII, the Kiwi government proclaimed a mining village on the South Island "fit for a queen".Today's extreme scenery and activities reinforce the majestic status of ever-challenging Queenstown.
Inle Lake, Myanmar

A Pleasant Forced Stop

In the second of the holes that we have during a tour around Lake Inlé, we hope that they will bring us the bicycle with the patched tyre. At the roadside shop that welcomes and helps us, everyday life doesn't stop.
Basotho Cowboys, Malealea, Lesotho
Malealea, Lesotho

Life in the African Kingdom of Heaven

Lesotho is the only independent state located entirely above XNUMX meters. It is also one of the countries at the bottom of the world ranking of human development. Its haughty people resist modernity and all the adversities on the magnificent but inhospitable top of the Earth that befell them.
portfolio, Got2Globe, Travel photography, images, best photographs, travel photos, world, Earth
Got2Globe Photo Portfolio
Portfolio Got2globe

The Best in the World – Got2Globe Portfolio

little subject

Hampi, India

Voyage to the Ancient Kingdom of Bisnaga

In 1565, the Hindu empire of Vijayanagar succumbed to enemy attacks. 45 years before, he had already been the victim of the Portugueseization of his name by two Portuguese adventurers who revealed him to the West.

Bay Watch cabin, Miami beach, beach, Florida, United States,
Miami beach, USA

The Beach of All Vanities

Few coasts concentrate, at the same time, so much heat and displays of fame, wealth and glory. Located in the extreme southeast of the USA, Miami Beach is accessible via six bridges that connect it to the rest of Florida. It is meager for the number of souls who desire it.
Oulu Finland, Passage of Time
Winter White
Oulu, Finland

Oulu: an Ode to Winter

Located high in the northeast of the Gulf of Bothnia, Oulu is one of Finland's oldest cities and its northern capital. A mere 220km from the Arctic Circle, even in the coldest months it offers a prodigious outdoor life.
Lake Manyara, National Park, Ernest Hemingway, Giraffes
Lake Manyara NP, Tanzania

Hemingway's Favorite Africa

Situated on the western edge of the Rift Valley, Lake Manyara National Park is one of the smallest but charming and richest in Europe. wild life of Tanzania. In 1933, between hunting and literary discussions, Ernest Hemingway dedicated a month of his troubled life to him. He narrated those adventurous safari days in “The Green Hills of Africa".
Soufrière and Pitons, Saint Luci
Soufriere, Saint Lucia

The Great Pyramids of the Antilles

Perched above a lush coastline, the twin peaks Pitons are the hallmark of Saint Lucia. They have become so iconic that they have a place in the highest notes of East Caribbean Dollars. Right next door, residents of the former capital Soufrière know how precious their sight is.
Sheki, Autumn in the Caucasus, Azerbaijan, Autumn Homes
Sheki, Azerbaijan

autumn in the caucasus

Lost among the snowy mountains that separate Europe from Asia, Sheki is one of Azerbaijan's most iconic towns. Its largely silky history includes periods of great harshness. When we visited it, autumn pastels added color to a peculiar post-Soviet and Muslim life.
Natural Parks
Nelson to Wharariki, Abel Tasman NP, New Zealand

The Maori coastline on which Europeans landed

Abel Janszoon Tasman explored more of the newly mapped and mythical "Terra australis" when a mistake soured the contact with natives of an unknown island. The episode inaugurated the colonial history of the New Zealand. Today, both the divine coast on which the episode took place and the surrounding seas evoke the Dutch navigator.
Kayaking on Lake Sinclair, Cradle Mountain - Lake Sinclair National Park, Tasmania, Australia
UNESCO World Heritage
Discovering tassie, Part 4 - Devonport to Strahan, Australia

Through the Tasmanian Wild West

If the almost antipode tazzie is already a australian world apart, what about its inhospitable western region. Between Devonport and Strahan, dense forests, elusive rivers and a rugged coastline beaten by an almost Antarctic Indian ocean generate enigma and respect.
View from the top of Mount Vaea and the tomb, Vailima village, Robert Louis Stevenson, Upolu, Samoa
Upolu, Samoa

Stevenson's Treasure Island

At age 30, the Scottish writer began looking for a place to save him from his cursed body. In Upolu and the Samoans, he found a welcoming refuge to which he gave his heart and soul.
Montezuma and Malpais, Costa Rica's best beaches, Catarata
Montezuma, Costa Rica

Back to the Tropical Arms of Montezuma

It's been 18 years since we were dazzled by this one of Costa Rica's blessed coastlines. Just two months ago, we found him again. As cozy as we had known it.
Glamor vs Faith
Goa, India

The Last Gasp of the Goan Portugality

The prominent city of Goa already justified the title of “rome of the east” when, in the middle of the XNUMXth century, epidemics of malaria and cholera led to its abandonment. The New Goa (Pangim) for which it was exchanged became the administrative seat of Portuguese India but was annexed by the Indian Union of post-independence. In both, time and neglect are ailments that now make the Portuguese colonial legacy wither.
Flam Railway composition below a waterfall, Norway.
On Rails
Nesbyen to Flam, Norway

Flam Railway: Sublime Norway from the First to the Last Station

By road and aboard the Flam Railway, on one of the steepest railway routes in the world, we reach Flam and the entrance to the Sognefjord, the largest, deepest and most revered of the Scandinavian fjords. From the starting point to the last station, this monumental Norway that we have unveiled is confirmed.
Parade and Pomp
Saint Petersburg, Russia

When the Russian Navy Stations in Saint Petersburg

Russia dedicates the last Sunday of July to its naval forces. On that day, a crowd visits large boats moored on the Neva River as alcohol-drenched sailors seize the city.
Visitors at Talisay Ruins, Negros Island, Philippines
Daily life
Talisay City, Philippines

Monument to a Luso-Philippine Love

At the end of the 11th century, Mariano Lacson, a Filipino farmer, and Maria Braga, a Portuguese woman from Macau, fell in love and got married. During the pregnancy of what would be her 2th child, Maria succumbed to a fall. Destroyed, Mariano built a mansion in his honor. In the midst of World War II, the mansion was set on fire, but the elegant ruins that endured perpetuate their tragic relationship.
savuti, botswana, elephant-eating lions
Savuti, Botswana

Savuti's Elephant-Eating Lions

A patch of the Kalahari Desert dries up or is irrigated depending on the region's tectonic whims. In Savuti, lions have become used to depending on themselves and prey on the largest animals in the savannah.
The Sounds, Fiordland National Park, New Zealand
Scenic Flights
Fiordland, New Zealand

The Fjords of the Antipodes

A geological quirk made the Fiordland region the rawest and most imposing in New Zealand. Year after year, many thousands of visitors worship the sub-domain slashed between Te Anau and Milford Sound.