Chã das Caldeiras, Fogo Island Cape Verde

A "French" Clan at the Mercy of Fogo


houses from other times
Lava houses sold by natives, at the entrance to PN Fogo.
Meander in lava
A resident of Chã das Caldeiras, she walks along the road left over from the great sea of ​​lava.
Adriano & Filomena
Adriano and Filomena Montrond, at the entrance of the house they lived in, now filled with solidified lava.
the great fire
The almost perfect cone of the Fogo volcano, the highest mountain in Cape Verde, with an altitude of 2829 m.
For this volcano below
Guide João da Silva walks through the base of Fogo, towards the inhabited area of ​​Chã das Caldeiras.
jumping
Guide João da Silva jumps down the slope towards the Pequeno Fogo crater, where the last eruptions had originated.
cornered
Cattle kept in a corral surrounded by lava released by Fire.
in the wrong place II
Houses of Chã das Caldeiras under the lava that took over in November 2014.
car-sharing
Tiago and Airson, children descendants of the clan; Montrond, a golden color as, over time, became common in Chã das Caldeiras.
Persistence
Newly built houses once again on the possible path of lava released in an upcoming Fire eruption.
in the wrong place III
Detail of another building invaded by lava.
isolated victim
House lost in the lava torrent.
At the top of Cape Verde
Guide João da Silva contemplates the Atlantic Ocean around the island of Fogo.
the submission of lava
The villages of Chã das Caldeiras buried by the last eruption of the Fogo volcano.
the great tea
The vast caldera of Fogo, 9km in diameter and west of the large cone of the volcano.
fire in fire
Sunset surrounds the cone of Fire of a burning sky.
In 1870, a Count born in Grenoble on his way to Brazilian exile, made a stopover in Cape Verde where native beauties tied him to the island of Fogo. Two of his children settled in the middle of the volcano's crater and continued to raise offspring there. Not even the destruction caused by the recent eruptions deters the prolific Montrond from the “county” they founded in Chã das Caldeiras.    

The Early Bird Journey from São Filipe to Chã das Caldeiras

Alarm clocks go off at 5:15 am. Fifteen minutes later, still pitch-dark, we left São Filipe, in the taxi driven by Edilson, the same teenager who, a few days earlier, had brought us from the airport to the capital of Fire Island.

Gradually we ascend the southeast slope of the great cone at the heart of the island. We didn't catch a glimpse of a soul when we passed the large wooden sign that marks the entrance to the Fogo Natural Park. We entered the heart of the mountain. The expanse of solidified lava around and above only accentuates the blackness.

Edilson moves slowly forward, afraid that the rough and rough road will wreak havoc on his boss's car. It is, therefore, with the imminent dawn already reviving the caldera that we reach the inhabited area of ​​Chã das Caldeiras.

There we met João Silva, the local guide with whom we would climb to the top of the volcano. John welcomes us. Don't waste words. He had already conquered the Fire countless times, ahead of outsiders from different parts. For him, that ascent would be just one more.

At the same time, a precious financial aid and an inconvenience in the construction work of the new and unobstructed inn that, despite the always latent threat of the volcano, his family was building.

The Painful Ascent to the Summit of the Fire volcano

In its last bad moods, Fogo had coated the eastern section of the caldera with fresh lava. The abrasive path we take begins by crossing a gentle slope and, shortly thereafter, points to the heights of the eastern slope and submits ourselves to an exasperating effort.

The more we go up, the better the circular and shallow bed of Chã is defined and the torrent of lava that filled it and had enveloped and razed most of the buildings in Portela, Bangaeira and Dje de Lorna, villages from which, from there or wherever whatever, there were only roofs in sight.

The distant vision of his misfortune has held us several times in a contemplative fascination.

Buried villages, Chã das Caldeiras, Fogo island, Cape Verde

The villages of Chã das Caldeiras buried by the last eruption of the Fogo volcano.

We were touched by the fate of the lava that flowed, unstoppable, to the east, conditioned by the foot of the opposite slope of Bordeira, the high and steep edge of the vast and deep caldera measuring 9km in diameter bounded by cliffs 1km in height.

We were also intrigued by how and why, with so much of the island of Fogo at their disposal, two villages were installed there with arms and luggage, at the mercy of the natural whims of the largest of the mountains of Cape Verde, from its youngest, most majestic and intimidating volcano.

On the Roasted Top of Fire

Four hours later, with many photographic stops in between, we reached the summit. We recover energy with convenient snacks. At 2,829 meters from Pico do Fogo, on the highest point we could hope to reach in the entire Cape Verdean archipelago, we can admire the immensity of the caldera.

And that of the surrounding Atlantic, muffled by a blanket of much lower clouds that hid the sharp peaks of the neighboring island of Santiago and brought her a convenient sunscreen, at that wintery and still dry time of year, not even to think about rain.

We pass to the other side of the crater rim, with extra care to avoid stumbling blocks that could make us roll down there. Finally, an inner track takes us to a passage protected by the rock.

We took advantage of it to lean on and peek at the rounded bottom of the cone that supported us.

Its sides were also curved. Thus, it was explained that, reassured by the fact that the last eruption from there dates back to 1769, several of the visitors to Pico do Fogo descended there and left testimonies – mostly of identity and love – written with clear stones on the dark gray ground.

Guide to Chã das Caldeiras, Fogo volcano peak, Cape Verde

Guide João da Silva contemplates the Atlantic Ocean around the island of Fogo

We go around a few additional meters of the interior of the cone. Soon, we return to the outside and the extraordinary view of the caldera. We reached a slab crammed with rocks poorly attached to the porous ground.

Once this obstacle has been overcome, we come across Pico Pequeno, one of the openings of the volcano that, in 2014, gave rise to the last of the eruptions and to slow but inexorable Hawaiian-style lava flows.

From the summit, in leaps, back to the foothills

The boulders are followed by a steep slope, covered with voluminous and dusty volcanic sand. João takes to her in a run alternating with long jumps. We follow suit. We arrived, thus, in three times, but with our boots full of debris, at the top of the secondary crater where it stank of sulfur and the heat was redoubled.

João stops to show us how active and energized the volcano was there. He gathers some branches, places them over a blackened crevice and looks at the work. Fifteen seconds later, the branches succumbed to the Fire's fire.

Descent from the summit, Fogo volcano, Cape Verde

Guide João da Silva jumps down the slope towards the Pequeno Fogo crater, where the last eruptions had originated

We follow the rest of the route along the foothills, between the vines and fig trees that preceded the houses. We arrived at the inn of one of his ten brothers, Alcindo.

There we rested in the company of a group of French students on a privileged school trip.

And from there we moved to the inn of neighbors Adriano and Filomena, she one of the many Montronds who, at one point, took over Chã.

The History and Prolific Descent of the Montronds

The Montronds didn't make it straight to those end-of-the-world parts, or anything like that. Its story begins with a French Count born in Grenoble.

For some reason – it is speculated that political and ideological discontent, the need to flee due to debt or even both, among other possible reasons – François Louis Armand de Montrond left France for the Brazil. In 1872, it landed in São Vicente. He was soon enchanted by the proximity to the land and the affable warmth of Cape Verde.

Explored other islands. But he ended up settling in Fogo. There he indulged in successive novels. It is known that he fell in love with Clementina, Camila, Demitília, Josefa, Antónia, Guelhermina and Jesuína. All of them mothers of their many children. Each partner earned him the construction of a two-story house – in Achada Maurício, Baluarte, Mosteiros, São Filipe and other places.

Some of them were built with materials that he ordered in France and were at the origin of new villages on the island, such as Geneva (today Luzia Nunes), which he himself baptized, inspired by a hill near Grenoble.

Cultured, endowed with aristocratic training, philanthropist, Armand Montrond employed his knowledge (including physicians) and influence in the service of the natives.

He planted vines with vines also brought from his homeland, and produced enough coffee to export to Portugal. Montrond gained the respect and affection of the natives. In such a way that the people of D'jar Fogo began to call him Nho Erman di França.

Montrond's genes quickly spread across the island. Later, via whaling emigration but not only, also by the United States and other parts of the world.

Young residents of Chã das Caldeiras, Fogo Island, Cape Verde

Tiago and Airson, children descendants of the clan; Montrond, a golden color that, over time, became common in Chã das Caldeiras

But what most interests Chã das Caldeiras is that, despite the recent and recurrent eruptions of 1847, 1852 and 1857, Armand Montrond's sons, Manuel da Cruz and Miguel, moved there with their families.

This short migration still justifies that, today, in no other part of the island of Fogo or of Cape Verde let the French-speaking genes and visuals be so obvious and plentiful.

The Resilient People of Chã das Caldeiras

We installed ourselves in the room that Adriano and Filomena had reserved for us. We had lunch. Then we sailed through the sea of ​​solid lava, among the wreckage of homes that it swallowed. We explored what was left of Portela and Bangaeira.

Both villages were inhabited until the lava released by the dramatic eruption of November 2014 advanced in the fateful direction, in the most feared, but also the most logical of senses: the one that descends from the foot of Pico do Fogo towards the huge eastern opening of the caldera .

We are following the rebuilding efforts of some of the families then expelled by the eruption, but who decided to persist. We see them piling together cement blocks and bricks. Fixing roof slabs and window frames, all done by them, only in rare cases, with the help of one or two hired workers in the lower lands of the island.

Some have handicraft stalls by the side of the road and rush to try to sell it whenever they sense the passing of visitors. “Take some souvenirs, gentlemen. It's all made here by us!" tells us a girl with a determined tone.

Miniature houses, Chã das Caldeiras, Fogo Volcano, Cape Verde

Lava houses sold by natives, at the entrance to PN Fogo.

We admire the lava, thatch and seed houses that the natives create in less than five minutes with material at hand, but which, even so, perfectly emulate the real ones, so many of them filled with lava by the most recent eruptions.

Some are basic cabins; others larger and more complex, still others set atop sharp cliffs. We had already decided to bring gifts from Cape Verde. There we found something that pleased us and that, at the same time, allowed us to contribute to the natives' reconstruction effort.

A Prolific Crater But That Lava Does Not Spare

We say goodbye and return to the walk. We found what was left of the orchards that supplied the natives and visitors.

And with the fig trees and vines that are believed to have been introduced by Count Montrond, the origin of the manecom wine produced there by hand, it is said that, later renovated, with “Jacquez” vines imported from the United States by Néné Fontes, a native of Cova Figueira.

Despite the inhospitable aspect of the landscape, the Fogo wine in general and the caldera in particular was so improved that it is about to conquer its own designation of origin “Chã das Caldeiras Wine”.

We found the exotic children from Chã, with long blond hair. And teenagers and adults with light skin and eyes, unlikely in Cape Verde, were it not for the genetic contribution of the Montronds.

Darkens. Until it fades, the setting sunlight hits and heats Pico do Fogo. When it's gone for good, we return to Adriano and Filomena's shelter. Devastated by the morning's long rise, we fell asleep much faster than we wished.

Adriano & Filomena Montrond, Chã das Caldeiras, Fogo Island, Cape Verde

Filomena Montrond, direct descendant and her husband Adriano, in her house invaded by lava.

We woke up early to match and peeked at the couple's property, surrounded by the lava flow that almost destroyed everything there. From the terrace in front of the dining room, we see Adriano and Filomena pass by the sunken backyard of the home they used to use.

We went downstairs and interrupted the work of Filomena who was laying out clothes in front of doors and windows from which perked out bold lava tips. Without wanting to force the drama they lived through, we approach the always curious theme of the Montrond genesis.

We inquired about Filomena's pale skin and aqua-green eyes. Adriano doesn't shy away from clarifying: “I could also be part of it, but my wife has the nickname and everything.

Until a while ago, this was Casa Tito Montrond, her father who died in 2011.

Montrond (s) here in Chã and out of this fire, they will never be absent!”

 

TAP flies directly from Lisbon to Praia, Cape Verde. From Praia, you can fly to São Filipe, on the island of Fogo.

Fogo Island, Cape Verde

Around the Fogo Island

Time and the laws of geomorphology dictated that the volcano-island of Fogo rounded off like no other in Cape Verde. Discovering this exuberant Macaronesian archipelago, we circled around it against the clock. We are dazzled in the same direction.
Santo Antão, Cape Verde

Up and Down the Estrada da Corda

Santo Antão is the westernmost of the Cape Verde Islands. There lies an Atlantic and rugged threshold of Africa, a majestic insular domain that we begin by unraveling from one end to the other of its dazzling Estrada da Corda.
São Nicolau, Cape Verde

São Nicolau: Pilgrimage to Terra di Sodade

Forced matches like those that inspired the famous morna “soda” made the pain of having to leave the islands of Cape Verde very strong. Discovering saninclau, between enchantment and wonder, we pursue the genesis of song and melancholy.
Boa Vista Island, Cape Verde

Boa Vista Island: Atlantic waves, Dunas do Sara

Boa Vista is not only the Cape Verdean island closest to the African coast and its vast desert. After a few hours of discovery, it convinces us that it is a piece of the Sahara adrift in the North Atlantic.
island of salt, Cape Verde

The Salt of the Island of Sal

At the approach of the XNUMXth century, Sal remained lacking in drinking water and practically uninhabited. Until the extraction and export of the abundant salt there encouraged a progressive population. Today, salt and salt pans add another flavor to the most visited island in Cape Verde.
Santa Maria, Sal Island, Cape Verde

Santa Maria and the Atlantic Blessing of Sal

Santa Maria was founded in the first half of the XNUMXth century, as a salt export warehouse. Today, thanks to the providence of Santa Maria, Sal Ilha is worth much more than the raw material.
Cidade Velha, Cape Verde

Cidade Velha: the Ancient of the Tropico-Colonial Cities

It was the first settlement founded by Europeans below the Tropic of Cancer. In crucial times for Portuguese expansion to Africa and South America and for the slave trade that accompanied it, Cidade Velha became a poignant but unavoidable legacy of Cape Verdean origins.

São Vicente, Cape Verde

The Volcanic Arid Wonder of Soncente

A return to São Vicente reveals an aridity as dazzling as it is inhospitable. Those who visit it are surprised by the grandeur and geological eccentricity of the fourth smallest island in Cape Verde.
Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park Indonesia

The Volcanic Sea of ​​Java

The gigantic Tengger caldera rises 2000m in the heart of a sandy expanse of east Java. From it project the highest mountain of this Indonesian island, the Semeru, and several other volcanoes. From the fertility and clemency of this sublime as well as Dantesque setting, one of the few Hindu communities that resisted the Muslim predominance around, thrives.
Pico Island, Azores

Pico Island: the Azores Volcano with the Atlantic at its Feet

By a mere volcanic whim, the youngest Azorean patch projects itself into the rock and lava apogee of Portuguese territory. The island of Pico is home to its highest and sharpest mountain. But not only. It is a testament to the resilience and ingenuity of the Azoreans who tamed this stunning island and surrounding ocean.
La Palma, Canary IslandsSpain (España)

The Most Mediatic of the Cataclysms to Happen

The BBC reported that the collapse of a volcanic slope on the island of La Palma could generate a mega-tsunami. Whenever the area's volcanic activity increases, the media take the opportunity to scare the world.
Big Island, Hawaii

Searching for Rivers of Lava

There are five volcanoes that make the big island of Hawaii grow day by day. Kilauea, the most active on Earth, is constantly releasing lava. Despite this, we live a kind of epic to envision it.
Esteros del Iberá, Pantanal Argentina, Alligator
Safari
Iberá Wetlands, Argentina

The Pantanal of the Pampas

On the world map, south of the famous brazilian wetland, a little-known flooded region appears, but almost as vast and rich in biodiversity. the Guarani expression Y bera defines it as “shining waters”. The adjective fits more than its strong luminance.
Hikers on the Ice Lake Trail, Annapurna Circuit, Nepal
Annapurna (circuit)
Annapurna Circuit: 7th - Braga - Ice Lake, Nepal,

Annapurna Circuit – The Painful Acclimatization of the Ice Lake

On the way up to the Ghyaru village, we had a first and unexpected show of how ecstatic the Annapurna Circuit can be tasted. Nine kilometers later, in Braga, due to the need to acclimatize, we climbed from 3.470m from Braga to 4.600m from Lake Kicho Tal. We only felt some expected tiredness and the increase in the wonder of the Annapurna Mountains.
by the shadow
Architecture & Design
Miami, USA

A Masterpiece of Urban Rehabilitation

At the turn of the 25st century, the Wynwood neighbourhood remained filled with abandoned factories and warehouses and graffiti. Tony Goldman, a shrewd real estate investor, bought more than XNUMX properties and founded a mural park. Much more than honoring graffiti there, Goldman founded the Wynwood Arts District, the great bastion of creativity in Miami.
Adventure
Boat Trips

For Those Becoming Internet Sick

Hop on and let yourself go on unmissable boat trips like the Philippine archipelago of Bacuit and the frozen sea of ​​the Finnish Gulf of Bothnia.
Native Americans Parade, Pow Pow, Albuquerque, New Mexico, United States
Ceremonies and Festivities
Albuquerque, USA

When the Drums Sound, the Indians Resist

With more than 500 tribes present, the pow wow "Gathering of the Nations" celebrates the sacred remnants of Native American cultures. But it also reveals the damage inflicted by colonizing civilization.
Cathedral of Santa Ana, Vegueta, Las Palmas, Gran Canaria
Cities
Vegueta, Gran Canaria, Canary Islands

Around the Heart of the Royal Canaries

The old and majestic Vegueta de Las Palmas district stands out in the long and complex Hispanization of the Canaries. After a long period of noble expeditions, the final conquest of Gran Canaria and the remaining islands of the archipelago began there, under the command of the monarchs of Castile and Aragon.
Meal
Markets

A Market Economy

The law of supply and demand dictates their proliferation. Generic or specific, covered or open air, these spaces dedicated to buying, selling and exchanging are expressions of life and financial health.
Pitões das Junias, Montalegre, Portugal
Culture
Montalegre, Portugal

Through Alto do Barroso, Top of Trás-os-Montes

we moved from Terras de Bouro for those of Barroso. Based in Montalegre, we wander around the discovery of Paredes do Rio, Tourém, Pitões das Júnias and its monastery, stunning villages on the border of Portugal. If it is true that Barroso has had more inhabitants, visitors should not miss it.
Bungee jumping, Queenstown, New Zealand
Sport
Queenstown, New Zealand

Queenstown, the Queen of Extreme Sports

In the century. XVIII, the Kiwi government proclaimed a mining village on the South Island "fit for a queen".Today's extreme scenery and activities reinforce the majestic status of ever-challenging Queenstown.
Faithful light candles, Milarepa Grotto temple, Annapurna Circuit, Nepal
Traveling
Annapurna Circuit: 9th Manang to Milarepa Cave, Nepal,

A Walk between Acclimatization and Pilgrimage

In full Annapurna Circuit, we finally arrived in Manang (3519m). we still need acclimatize to the higher stretches that followed, we inaugurated an equally spiritual journey to a Nepalese cave of Milarepa (4000m), the refuge of a siddha (sage) and Buddhist saint.
Resident of Dali, Yunnan, China
Ethnic
Dali, China

The Surrealist China of Dali

Embedded in a magical lakeside setting, the ancient capital of the Bai people has remained, until some time ago, a refuge for the backpacker community of travelers. The social and economic changes of China they fomented the invasion of Chinese to discover the southwest corner of the nation.
Rainbow in the Grand Canyon, an example of prodigious photographic light
Got2Globe Photo Portfolio
Natural Light (Part 1)

And Light was made on Earth. Know how to use it.

The theme of light in photography is inexhaustible. In this article, we give you some basic notions about your behavior, to start with, just and only in terms of geolocation, the time of day and the time of year.
Christiansted, Saint Croix, US Virgin Islands, Steeple Building
History
Christiansted, St. Croix, US Virgin Islands

The Capital of the Afro-Danish-American Antilles

In 1733, Denmark bought the island of Saint Croix from France, annexed it to its West Indies where, based at Christiansted, it profited from the labor of slaves brought from the Gold Coast. The abolition of slavery made colonies unviable. And a historic-tropical bargain that the United States preserves.
Solovetsky, Islands, Archipelago, Russia, Autumn, UAZ, Autumn road
Islands
Bolshoi Solovetsky, Russia

A Celebration of the Russian Autumn of Life

At the edge of the Arctic Ocean, in mid-September, the boreal foliage glows golden. Welcomed by generous cicerones, we praise the new human times of Bolshoi Solovetsky, famous for having hosted the first of the Soviet Gulag prison camps.
Correspondence verification
Winter White
Rovaniemi, Finland

From the Finnish Lapland to the Arctic. A Visit to the Land of Santa

Fed up with waiting for the bearded old man to descend down the chimney, we reverse the story. We took advantage of a trip to Finnish Lapland and passed through its furtive home.
shadow vs light
Literature
Kyoto, Japan

The Kyoto Temple Reborn from the Ashes

The Golden Pavilion has been spared destruction several times throughout history, including that of US-dropped bombs, but it did not withstand the mental disturbance of Hayashi Yoken. When we admired him, he looked like never before.
Armenian Church, Sevanavank Peninsula, Lake Sevan, Armenia
Nature
lake sevan, Armenia

The Bittersweet Caucasus Lake

Enclosed between mountains at 1900 meters high, considered a natural and historical treasure of Armenia, Lake Sevan has never been treated as such. The level and quality of its water has deteriorated for decades and a recent invasion of algae drains the life that subsists in it.
Mother Armenia Statue, Yerevan, Armenia
Autumn
Yerevan, Armenia

A Capital between East and West

Heiress of the Soviet civilization, aligned with the great Russia, Armenia allows itself to be seduced by the most democratic and sophisticated ways of Western Europe. In recent times, the two worlds have collided in the streets of your capital. From popular and political dispute, Yerevan will dictate the new course of the nation.
View of La Graciosa de Lanzarote, Canary Islands, Spain
Natural Parks
La Graciosa, Canary Islands

The Most Graceful of the Canary Islands

Until 2018, the smallest of the inhabited Canaries did not count for the archipelago. Arriving in La Graciosa, we discover the insular charm of the now eighth island.
Ruins, Port Arthur, Tasmania, Australia
UNESCO World Heritage
Discovering Tassie, Part 2 - Hobart to Port Arthur, Australia

An Island Doomed to Crime

The prison complex at Port Arthur has always frightened the British outcasts. 90 years after its closure, a heinous crime committed there forced Tasmania to return to its darkest times.
Heroes Acre Monument, Zimbabwe
Characters
Harare, Zimbabwewe

The Last Rales of Surreal Mugabué

In 2015, Zimbabwe's first lady Grace Mugabe said the 91-year-old president would rule until the age of 100 in a special wheelchair. Shortly thereafter, it began to insinuate itself into his succession. But in recent days, the generals have finally precipitated the removal of Robert Mugabe, who has replaced him with former Vice President Emmerson Mnangagwa.
Baie d'Oro, Île des Pins, New Caledonia
Beaches
Île-des-Pins, New Caledonia

The Island that Leaned against Paradise

In 1964, Katsura Morimura delighted the Japan with a turquoise novel set in Ouvéa. But the neighboring Île-des-Pins has taken over the title "The Nearest Island to Paradise" and thrills its visitors.
Passage, Tanna, Vanuatu to the West, Meet the Natives
Religion
Tanna, Vanuatu

From where Vanuatu Conquered the Western World

The TV show “Meet the Native” took Tanna's tribal representatives to visit Britain and the USA Visiting their island, we realized why nothing excited them more than returning home.
Back in the sun. San Francisco Cable Cars, Life Ups and Downs
On Rails
San Francisco, USA

San Francisco Cable Cars: A Life of Highs and Lows

A macabre wagon accident inspired the San Francisco cable car saga. Today, these relics work as a charm operation in the city of fog, but they also have their risks.
Creel, Chihuahua, Carlos Venzor, collector, museum
Society
Chihuahua a Creel, Chihuahua, Mexico

On Creel's Way

With Chihuahua behind, we point to the southwest and to even higher lands in the north of Mexico. Next to Ciudad Cuauhtémoc, we visited a Mennonite elder. Around Creel, we lived for the first time with the Rarámuri indigenous community of the Serra de Tarahumara.
Coin return
Daily life
Dawki, India

Dawki, Dawki, Bangladesh on sight

We descended from the high and mountainous lands of Meghalaya to the flats to the south and below. There, the translucent and green stream of the Dawki forms the border between India and Bangladesh. In a damp heat that we haven't felt for a long time, the river also attracts hundreds of Indians and Bangladeshis in a picturesque escape.
ice tunnel, black gold route, Valdez, Alaska, USA
Wildlife
Valdez, Alaska

On the Black Gold Route

In 1989, the Exxon Valdez oil tanker caused a massive environmental disaster. The vessel stopped plying the seas, but the victim city that gave it its name continues on the path of crude oil from the Arctic Ocean.
Napali Coast and Waimea Canyon, Kauai, Hawaii Wrinkles
Scenic Flights
napali coast, Hawaii

Hawaii's Dazzling Wrinkles

Kauai is the greenest and rainiest island in the Hawaiian archipelago. It is also the oldest. As we explore its Napalo Coast by land, sea and air, we are amazed to see how the passage of millennia has only favored it.
PT EN ES FR DE IT