La Palma, Canary IslandsSpain (España)

The Most Mediatic of the Cataclysms to Happen

A Television Apocalypse
An installation in keeping with the media coverage of the Cumbre Vieja mountain near the summit of the San António volcano.
volcanic flora
Lush vegetation precariously installed over a lava field west of La Palma.
De Las Nieves between Palmeiras
The iglesia of Las Nieves, one of several churches on La Palma, a heavily Catholic island.
The San Juan Neighbor
black walk
Visitors to La Palma walk on the trail that skirts the crater of the San Antonio volcano.
lava coast
Rugged coast of La Palma, cut by small cables of solidified lava
volcanic flora II
Bright flowers grow at the foot of a lava-covered slope to the west of La Palma.
One of many Craters
Section of the crater of the San António volcano, with houses from a nearby village in the background.
"To Diaz su Patria"
Children play around the statue of priest Manuel Díaz Hernández, a parish priest who played an important role in the XNUMXth century in the Canary Islands' ecclesiastical life.
Taburiente Boiler
A dense pine forest covers the slopes of the Caldera del Taburiente, one of La Palma's supreme volcanic formations.
Live nature
Cows graze on a lush meadow halfway to the Taburiente caldera
square talk
Two residents talk at the base of the cruise that marks the first commemoration of the conquest of the island of San Miguel de La Palma.
Live nature
Detail of pine leaves, abundant around the Taburiente caldera
From Crater to Pinhal
Pine trees grow from the San Antonio crater, one of several along the Cumbre Vieja.
About to leave
Senhora removes a painting from inside the church of Nª Señora de Las Nieves
Pasture on Lava
Cows graze on lush grass with walls made of volcanic stone in La Palma.
The BBC reported that the collapse of a volcanic slope on the island of La Palma could generate a mega-tsunami. Whenever the area's volcanic activity increases, the media take the opportunity to scare the world.

We walked through the center of Santa Cruz de La Palma.

A Mass ends inside the church of El Salvador and believers return to the dim light of the gray day and a healthy secular coexistence.

Francis – the guide we have during some tours around the island confirms the religiosity of the palmeros and also his love for the good life, preferably outdoors: “We here in La Palma are probably among the most Latin American Europeans there are.

We have the second best tobacco in the world, after Cuba, of course. We are also big fans of “pure” smoking and parsley, from rumba and other Caribbean rhythms.

In La Palma there are no clubs. There is street music and, most of the time, live.”

Travel through the history of Santa Cruz de La Palma, Canary Islands, Belfry of the Church of San Salvador

The volcanic stone tower of the Church of San Salvador, at one end of Plaza de España.

For those visiting the westernmost part of the Canary Islands for the first time, it is difficult to say which of the two aspects occupies most of the residents' minds.

Anyway, the palmeros they have good reasons to give themselves to the faith of heart and soul.

O volcanism Potentially Blasting the Island of La Palma

According to a considerable part of the scientific community, they live half-walls with a gigantic time bomb whose detonation period has not yet been deciphered.

The next day dawns even more leaden but the rain doesn't disturb the way to the La Caldera de Taburiente National Park.

Cumbre Vieja, La Palma, eruption, Tsunami, Caldeira do Taburiente

A dense pine forest covers the slopes of the Caldera del Taburiente, one of La Palma's supreme volcanic formations.

We go through a tunnel dug into the mountain that Francis assures us that the natives treat by del Tiempo: “It's just that when we enter from the other side and the weather is bad, it's almost guaranteed that, on the opposite, it will be good.”

We gradually climb the slope until we reach a section covered with lush pine trees, which the sunlight saturates with an eccentric yellowish-green.

From there, we can see the supreme contours of the caldera of the great volcano of La Palma, traversed by a caravan of clouds that the prevailing winds manage to force into the crater.

Bearing in mind the ecstatic beauty and natural peace that is experienced, we wonder how the palmeros to the unexpected media and globalized alarmism around its mother island.

The Great Leap of Expected Eruptions to an Apocalyptic Tsunami

After the Southwest Asian tsunami of December 25, 2004, the media rushed to find possible successors.

The BBC, in particular, released the documentary “Megatsunami, Wave of Destruction” based on the theory arrived at by Stephen N. Ward and Simon Day.

The duo developed a computer simulation of the effects of an eventual collapse of the western slope of the Cumbre Vieja volcano (1949 m) over the Atlantic Ocean, triggered by a large eruption.

The simulation estimated that the debacle would generate huge waves.

They could have, in origin, 900 meters high.

After three hours, they would reach the Iberian Peninsula – to the north – with about 5 meters, but after more than six hours of crossing, they would still reach the Caribbean islands, several of them as volcanic or more.

These are the cases of Montserrat. Soufrière Hills volcano. From Martinique and its Pelée, Guadalupe quality Saint Lucia – to mention a few examples.

They would also hit the opposite coasts of North and South America, with between 10 to 15 meters where they would cause overwhelming destruction.

Since 2005, the media has made the most of the audience-raising potential and turned this scientific study into a mega-eruption of sensationalism.

More and more channels, magazines and websites used the duo theory to develop documentaries and articles.

Almost always committed to easy hysteria, with the North Americans leading this carnival, promoters of Hollywood images of giant waves swallowing the inevitable island of Manhattan.

The Cumbre Vieja Time Bomb Volcano and its Various Craters

The Cumbre Vieja remained undaunted and serene. On September 19, 2021, it erupted again and on October 10 (revision date for this text) it remained so.

Cumbre Vieja, La Palma, volcano, eruption

From intermediate altitudes as we walked, we ascend towards Roque de Los Muchachos, at 2426 meters.

There, we are on one of the highest points in the Canary Islands and in the whole of Macaronesia, which, for this reason, has hosted one of the best space observatories in the northern hemisphere, alongside that of Mount Mauna Kea, neighbor of the Kilauea volcano that generates most of the Big Island lava rivers.

A cloud cover below prevents us from seeing the scenery of La Palma, Tenerife and the supreme volcano El Teide.

With no alternatives, we head north and approach the western coast, which we have covered almost the entire length.

Through picturesque villages but also through lava fields until we approach the exact area of ​​La Palma, which can yield at any time and which caused all the commotion.

Cumbre Vieja, La Palma, Eruption, Tsunami, Volcanic Flora

Lush vegetation precariously installed over a lava field west of La Palma.

We pass the colorful houses of Los Canários and Fuencaliente.

Shortly thereafter, we are ascending to a new crater, this time that of the San Antonio volcano, one of several that appear on the long slope of the Cumbre Vieja.

The cone is black, covered with a land of lava overlaid by old eruptions.

In contrast, fearless pine trees sprout from the bottom of its crater.

Cumbre Vieja, La Palma, eruption, Tsunami, From Crater to Pinhal

Pine trees grow from the San Antonio crater, one of several along the Cumbre Vieja.

By itself, the scenery is worthy of amazement but it doesn't stop there.

An Installation of Homesick Furniture near the San Antonio Summit

We walk along a narrow path that goes around the crater and we come across some art installation that someone had temporarily left exposed on the ground.

A center of the room from the 50s – or, whatever, the 60s – stood out from the dominant blackness.

It was composed of a sofa, a lampshade, a rug, an old wooden radio and, on top of it, a TV made of the same material and from the same period.

Cumbre Vieja, La Palma, Eruption, Tsunami, A Televisioned Apocalypse

An installation in keeping with the media coverage of the Cumbre Vieja mountain near the summit of the San António volcano.

Mystery thickens, like the mist that hovers in the distance over the sea in case of collapse, the receiver of the vast slope below us and the culprit of the Atlantic Apocalypse that would follow.

In the past, other landslides could have generated enormous destruction had it not been for the area in which they were found to be virtually uninhabited.

On July 9, 1958, one of Alaska's frequent high-intensity earthquakes caused the landslide of a slope in Lituya Bay.

The 30 million km3 of land released created a wave that reached 500 meters in height.

The Dreaded Collapse of the South Coast of La Palma and the Controversial and Dreaded Cataclysm

However, if that happened, the release of the Cumbre Vieja would release 500 million km3.

The resulting wave would disperse over an area incomparably wider than that of the Alaskan Bay.

Cumbre Vieja, La Palma, eruption, Tsunami, Black Walk

Visitors to La Palma walk on the trail that skirts the crater of the San Antonio volcano.

To the south, we see Teneguia, another sub-volcano of the Cumbre Vieja, let's call it that – the last non-submarine in La Palma to erupt, in 1971, with one of the volcanic activities the thinnest and shortest ever recorded in the Canary Islands.

Lately, it has been the nearby volcano El Hierro to take the lead. Since mid-2011, it has suffered nearly 10.000 earthquakes caused by magma activity at the island's base.

Some have approached 4.5 on the Richter scale, figures that have already forced authorities to ban fishing around and even divert traffic from more sensitive parts of El Hierro.

The media wasted no time.

In recent months, they have again raised awareness of the imminent risk of the collapse of the Cumbre Vieja and of a tsunami, caused by an eruption due to the widespread intense activity of one – or several – of the El Hierro volcanoes, just 128 km away.

From there, from the top of San Antonio, the only thing we saw plummeting into the sea was the almost scarlet sun that the Atlantic swallowed without any oscillation.

Cumbre Vieja, La Palma, Eruption, Tsunami, One of Many Craters

Section of the crater of the San António volcano, with houses from a nearby village in the background.

At that moment, we had more to worry about than the mere destruction of the civilization we knew. Night fell and the cold began to bother us.

Finally, in the second half of September 2021, the Cumbre Vieja erupted and, to date, has generated a destructive lava flow that has razed hundreds of homes.

Nature is capricious. We wait and see.

Tenerife, Canary Islands

The Volcano that Haunts the Atlantic

At 3718m, El Teide is the roof of the Canaries and Spain. Not only. If measured from the ocean floor (7500 m), only two mountains are more pronounced. The Guanche natives considered it the home of Guayota, their devil. Anyone traveling to Tenerife knows that old Teide is everywhere.
Tenerife, Canary Islands

East of White Mountain Island

The almost triangular Tenerife has its center dominated by the majestic volcano Teide. At its eastern end, there is another rugged domain, even so, the place of the island's capital and other unavoidable villages, with mysterious forests and incredible abrupt coastlines.
El Hierro, Canary Islands

The Volcanic Rim of the Canaries and the Old World

Until Columbus arrived in the Americas, El Hierro was seen as the threshold of the known world and, for a time, the Meridian that delimited it. Half a millennium later, the last western island of the Canaries is teeming with exuberant volcanism.
Chã das Caldeiras, Fogo Island Cape Verde

A "French" Clan at the Mercy of Fire

In 1870, a Count born in Grenoble on his way to Brazilian exile, made a stopover in Cape Verde where native beauties tied him to the island of Fogo. Two of his children settled in the middle of the volcano's crater and continued to raise offspring there. Not even the destruction caused by the recent eruptions deters the prolific Montrond from the “county” they founded in Chã das Caldeiras.    
Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park Indonesia

The Volcanic Sea of ​​Java

The gigantic Tengger caldera rises 2000m in the heart of a sandy expanse of east Java. From it project the highest mountain of this Indonesian island, the Semeru, and several other volcanoes. From the fertility and clemency of this sublime as well as Dantesque setting, one of the few Hindu communities that resisted the Muslim predominance around, thrives.

Mountains of Fire

More or less prominent ruptures in the earth's crust, volcanoes can prove to be as exuberant as they are capricious. Some of its eruptions are gentle, others prove annihilating.

Valencia to Xativa, Spain (España)

Across Iberia

Leaving aside the modernity of Valencia, we explore the natural and historical settings that the "community" shares with the Mediterranean. The more we travel, the more its bright life seduces us.

Matarraña to Alcanar, Spain (España)

A Medieval Spain

Traveling through the lands of Aragon and Valencia, we come across towers and detached battlements of houses that fill the slopes. Mile after kilometer, these visions prove to be as anachronistic as they are fascinating.

São Nicolau, Cape Verde

Photography of Nha Terra São Nicolau

The voice of the late Cesária Verde crystallized the feeling of Cape Verdeans who were forced to leave their island. who visits São Nicolau or, wherever it may be, admires images that illustrate it well, understands why its people proudly and forever call it their land.
Big Island, Hawaii

Searching for Rivers of Lava

There are five volcanoes that make the big island of Hawaii grow day by day. Kilauea, the most active on Earth, is constantly releasing lava. Despite this, we live a kind of epic to envision it.
Tanna, Vanuatu

From where Vanuatu Conquered the Western World

The TV show “Meet the Native” took Tanna's tribal representatives to visit Britain and the USA Visiting their island, we realized why nothing excited them more than returning home.
Ijen volcano, Indonesia

The Ijen Volcano Sulphur Slaves

Hundreds of Javanese surrender to the Ijen volcano where they are consumed by poisonous gases and loads that deform their shoulders. Each turn earns them less than €30 but everyone is grateful for their martyrdom.
Fuerteventura, Canary Islands, Spain (España)

Fuerteventura's Atlantic Ventura

The Romans knew the Canaries as the lucky islands. Fuerteventura, preserves many of the attributes of that time. Its perfect beaches for the windsurf and the kite-surfing or just for bathing, they justify successive “invasions” by the sun-hungry northern peoples. In the volcanic and rugged interior, the bastion of the island's indigenous and colonial cultures remains. We started to unravel it along its long south.
Lanzarote, Canary Islands

To César Manrique what is César Manrique's

By itself, Lanzarote would always be a Canaria by itself, but it is almost impossible to explore it without discovering the restless and activist genius of one of its prodigal sons. César Manrique passed away nearly thirty years ago. The prolific work he left shines on the lava of the volcanic island that saw him born.
La Graciosa, Canary Islands

The Most Graceful of the Canary Islands

Until 2018, the smallest of the inhabited Canaries did not count for the archipelago. Arriving in La Graciosa, we discover the insular charm of the now eighth island.
PN Timanfaya, Lanzarote, Canary Islands

PN Timanfaya and the Fire Mountains of Lanzarote

Between 1730 and 1736, out of nowhere, dozens of volcanoes in Lanzarote erupted successively. The massive amount of lava they released buried several villages and forced almost half of the inhabitants to emigrate. The legacy of this cataclysm is the current Martian setting of the exuberant PN Timanfaya.
La Palma, Canary Islands

The "Isla Bonita" of the Canary Islands

In 1986 Madonna Louise Ciccone launched a hit that popularized the attraction exerted by a island imaginary. Ambergris Caye, in Belize, reaped benefits. On this side of the Atlantic, the palmeros that's how they see their real and stunning Canaria.
Vegueta, Gran Canaria, Canary Islands

Around the Heart of the Royal Canaries

The old and majestic Vegueta de Las Palmas district stands out in the long and complex Hispanization of the Canaries. After a long period of noble expeditions, the final conquest of Gran Canaria and the remaining islands of the archipelago began there, under the command of the monarchs of Castile and Aragon.
Santa Cruz de La Palma, Canary Islands

A Journey into the History of Santa Cruz de La Palma

It began as a mere Villa del Apurón. Come the century. XVI, the town had not only overcome its difficulties, it was already the third port city in Europe. Heir to this blessed prosperity, Santa Cruz de La Palma has become one of the most elegant capitals in the Canaries.
Gran Canaria, Canary Islands

Grand Canary Islands

It is only the third largest island in the archipelago. It so impressed European navigators and settlers that they got used to treating it as the supreme.
Masai Mara Reservation, Masai Land Travel, Kenya, Masai Convivial
Masai Mara, Kenya

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Thorong Pedi to High Camp, Annapurna Circuit, Nepal, Lone Walker
Annapurna (circuit)
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The Prelude to the Supreme Crossing

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Treasures, Las Vegas, Nevada, City of Sin and Forgiveness
Architecture & Design
Las Vegas, USA

Where sin is always forgiven

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Salto Angel, Rio that falls from the sky, Angel Falls, PN Canaima, Venezuela
PN Canaima, Venezuela

Kerepakupai, Salto Angel: The River that Falls from Heaven

In 1937, Jimmy Angel landed a light aircraft on a plateau lost in the Venezuelan jungle. The American adventurer did not find gold but he conquered the baptism of the longest waterfall on the face of the Earth
Balinese Hinduism, Lombok, Indonesia, Batu Bolong temple, Agung volcano in background
Ceremonies and Festivities
Lombok, Indonesia

Lombok: Balinese Hinduism on an Island of Islam

The foundation of Indonesia was based on the belief in one God. This ambiguous principle has always generated controversy between nationalists and Islamists, but in Lombok, the Balinese take freedom of worship to heart
City of Mindelo, São Vicente, Cape Verde
Mindelo, São Vicente, Cape Verde

The Miracle of São Vicente

São Vicente has always been arid and inhospitable to match. The challenging colonization of the island subjected the settlers to successive hardships. Until, finally, its providential deep-water bay enabled Mindelo, the most cosmopolitan city and the cultural capital of Cape Verde.
Beverage Machines, Japan

The Beverage Machines Empire

There are more than 5 million ultra-tech light boxes spread across the country and many more exuberant cans and bottles of appealing drinks. The Japanese have long since stopped resisting them.
Pueblos del Sur, Venezuela

The Pueblos del Sur Locainas, Their Dances and Co.

From the beginning of the XNUMXth century, with Hispanic settlers and, more recently, with Portuguese emigrants, customs and traditions well known in the Iberian Peninsula and, in particular, in northern Portugal, were consolidated in the Pueblos del Sur.
4th of July Fireworks-Seward, Alaska, United States
Seward, Alaska

The Longest 4th of July

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very coarse salt
Salta and Jujuy, Argentina

Through the Highlands of Deep Argentina

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Horseshoe Bend
Navajo nation, USA

The Navajo Nation Lands

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sunlight photography, sun, lights
Got2Globe Photo Portfolio
Natural Light (Part 2)

One Sun, So Many Lights

Most travel photos are taken in sunlight. Sunlight and weather form a capricious interaction. Learn how to predict, detect and use at its best.
Key West Wall, Florida Keys, United States
Key West, USA

The Tropical Wild West of the USA

We've come to the end of the Overseas Highway and the ultimate stronghold of propagandism Florida Keys. The continental United States here they surrender to a dazzling turquoise emerald marine vastness. And to a southern reverie fueled by a kind of Caribbean spell.
Santa Maria, Sal Island, Cape Verde, Landing
Santa Maria, Sal Island, Cape Verde

Santa Maria and the Atlantic Blessing of Sal

Santa Maria was founded in the first half of the XNUMXth century, as a salt export warehouse. Today, thanks to the providence of Santa Maria, Sal Ilha is worth much more than the raw material.
Reindeer Racing, Kings Cup, Inari, Finland
Winter White
Inari, Finland

The Wackiest Race on the Top of the World

Finland's Lapps have been competing in the tow of their reindeer for centuries. In the final of the Kings Cup - Porokuninkuusajot - , they face each other at great speed, well above the Arctic Circle and well below zero.
Baie d'Oro, Île des Pins, New Caledonia
Île-des-Pins, New Caledonia

The Island that Leaned against Paradise

In 1964, Katsura Morimura delighted the Japan with a turquoise novel set in Ouvéa. But the neighboring Île-des-Pins has taken over the title "The Nearest Island to Paradise" and thrills its visitors.
Suspension Bridge, Cabro Muco, Miravalles volcano
miravalles, Costa Rica

The volcano that Miravalles

At 2023 meters, the Miravalles stands out in northern Costa Rica, high above a range of pairs that includes La Giganta, Tenório, Espiritu Santo, Santa Maria, Rincón de La Vieja and Orosi. Inactive with respect to eruptions, it feeds a prolific geothermal field that warms the lives of Costa Ricans in its shadow.
Mother Armenia Statue, Yerevan, Armenia
Yerevan, Armenia

A Capital between East and West

Heiress of the Soviet civilization, aligned with the great Russia, Armenia allows itself to be seduced by the most democratic and sophisticated ways of Western Europe. In recent times, the two worlds have collided in the streets of your capital. From popular and political dispute, Yerevan will dictate the new course of the nation.
Natural Parks
unmissable roads

Great Routes, Great Trips

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Mahé Ilhas das Seychelles, friends of the beach
UNESCO World Heritage
Mahé, Seychelles

The Big Island of the Small Seychelles

Mahé is the largest of the islands of the smallest country in Africa. It's home to the nation's capital and most of the Seychellois. But not only. In its relative smallness, it hides a stunning tropical world, made of mountainous jungle that merges with the Indian Ocean in coves of all sea tones.
now from above ladder, sorcerer of new zealand, Christchurch, new zealand
Christchurch, New Zealand

New Zealand's Cursed Wizard

Despite his notoriety in the antipodes, Ian Channell, the New Zealand sorcerer, failed to predict or prevent several earthquakes that struck Christchurch. At the age of 88, after 23 years of contract with the city, he made very controversial statements and ended up fired.
Tobago, Pigeon Point, Scarborough, Pontoon
Scarborough a Pigeon Point, Tobago

Probing the Capital Tobago

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Djerba Island of Tunisia, Amazigh and its camels
Djerba, Tunisia

The Tunisian Island of Conviviality

The largest island in North Africa has long welcomed people who could not resist it. Over time, Phoenicians, Greeks, Carthaginians, Romans, Arabs called it home. Today, Muslim, Christian and Jewish communities continue an unusual sharing of Djerba with its native Berbers.
End of the World Train, Tierra del Fuego, Argentina
On Rails
Ushuaia, Argentina

Last Station: End of the World

Until 1947, the Tren del Fin del Mundo made countless trips for the inmates of the Ushuaia prison to cut firewood. Today, passengers are different, but no other train goes further south.
Pachinko Salon, Video Addiction, Japan
Tokyo, Japan

Pachinko: The Video Addiction That Depresses Japan

It started as a toy, but the Japanese appetite for profit quickly turned pachinko into a national obsession. Today, there are 30 million Japanese surrendered to these alienating gaming machines.
Ditching, Alaska Fashion Life, Talkeetna
Daily life
Talkeetna, Alaska

Talkeetna's Alaska-Style Life

Once a mere mining outpost, Talkeetna rejuvenated in 1950 to serve Mt. McKinley climbers. The town is by far the most alternative and most captivating town between Anchorage and Fairbanks.
Newborn turtle, PN Tortuguero, Costa Rica
Tortuguero NP, Costa Rica

A Night at the Nursery of Tortuguero

The name of the Tortuguero region has an obvious and ancient reason. Turtles from the Atlantic and the Caribbean Sea have long flocked to the black sand beaches of its narrow coastline to spawn. On one of the nights we spent in Tortuguero we watched their frenzied births.
Bungee jumping, Queenstown, New Zealand
Scenic Flights
Queenstown, New Zealand

Queenstown, the Queen of Extreme Sports

In the century. XVIII, the Kiwi government proclaimed a mining village on the South Island "fit for a queen".Today's extreme scenery and activities reinforce the majestic status of ever-challenging Queenstown.